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A triangle (Fig. 15.16) is mostly provided in terminal yards for changing the direction of an engine. Turntables are also used for this purpose, but are costly, cumbersome, and present a lot of problems in maintenance. Normally, a triangle is provided if enough land is available. A triangle consists of one symmetrical split at R and two turnouts at P and Q along with lead rails, check rails, etc.
To change the direction of an engine standing at P, it is first taken to R, then to Q, and then back to P. By following these movements, the direction of the engine gets changed. The concept of change of direction of the engine was more relevant in the case of steam locomotives and is not applicable to electric and diesel locomotives, which can be operated conveniently from both sides. With the phasing out of steam locomotive on Indian Railways, the triangle is mostly redundant.
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