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Five Landforms ( Term 1 Chapter 2 | 4th Social Science )
I. List out.
1. Write the names of the mountains and the places, where they are located in your district.
2. Write the names of trees around your school.
II. Find in the blanks.
1. The vast ﬂat land on the Earth is called plain.
2. Kallanai is the fourth oldest water diversion system for irrigation in theworld.
3. Keeriparai Reserve forest is located in Kanyakumari district.
4. The agricultural land and the area around is called Marutham.
5. The Sundarbans is the biggest mangrove forest in India.
6. Marina beach is located in Chennai.
III. Match the following.
4. Varunan - Marutham
1. Murugan - Kurinji
2. Thirumal - Mullai
3. Indiran - Marutham
4. Varunan - Neithal
5. Kottravai - Palai
1. God-Root gathering
2. Flower-Kuravar, Kurathiyar
3. People-Kurinji ﬂower
1. God - Murugan
2. Flower - Kurinji flower
3. People - Kuravar, Kurathiyar
4. Occupation - Root gathering
IV. Answer in short.
1. Name the people of ﬁve thinais.
1. Kurinji - Kuravar, Kurathiyar
2. Mullai - Idaiyar, Idachiyar, Aayar, Aaichiyar
3. Marutham - Uzhavargal
4. Neithal - Parathar
5. Palai - Maravar, Marathiyar, Eyinar, Eyitriar
2. List four themes of Mullai land.
People: Idaiyar, Idaichiyar, Aayar, Aaichiyar
Occupation: Cattle rearing, Gathering fruits, Sowing Millets
Plant / Flower: Guava/ Mullai flower
Animal / Bird: Bear, Rabbit/ Parrot
Musical Instrument: Mullai yazh
3. What do you know about Sembulam?
A large area covered by trees is called forest. In Tamil Nadu, the forest region is referred as Mullai land. This region is also called 'Sembulam' due to the presence of red soil.
4. How the Polai (dry land) region is formed?
When Kurinji and Mullai dries up, it is called Palai.
5. What are the themes of Palai?
God: Kottravai ( Mother Goddess )
People: Maravar, Marathiyar, Eyinar, Eyitriar
Occupation: Cattle lifting, Robbery
Plant / Flower: Uzhinghai, Palai, Cactus, Iluppai
Animal / Bird: Tiger, Elephant/Eagle
Music: Palai yazh
1. With help of your teacher visit a nearby mountainous region and collect the herbs and know their uses.
2. "Trees are our friends". Do you accept? Discuss with group.
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