PROPER DISPOSAL SYSTEM
(i) Municipal capacities: With the increasing volume of waste generation, collection of wastes gets more attention than disposal. Furthermore, in India, only a few municipalities seem to have the required experience or capacity for controlled disposal. Some municipalities may have identified disposal sites but still only few may actively manage them. In some places, contracting out waste disposal is seen as a solution. But, municipalities are not equipped to deal with the problems associated with it, such as issues of privatisation and monitoring of the contract.
(ii) Political commitment: SWM is more than a technical issue, as any successful programme needs effective political and governmental support. This is rarely a priority of government authorities, unless there is a strong and active public interest as well as international interventions.
(iii) Finance and cost recovery: Development of a sanitary landfill site represents a major investment and it generally receives less priority over other resource demands. And, even when establishment costs are secured for a disposal site, recurrent costs to maintain it always pose problems.
(iv) Technical guidelines: Standards established for waste disposal in one country need not necessarily be appropriate for another, due to reasons such as climatic conditions, resources availability, institutional infrastructure, socio- cultural values, etc. In the absence of adequate data and/or the means of collecting/acquiring it, officials often struggle to plan a safe and economically viable disposal option.
(v) Institutional role and responsibility: A disposal site may be located outside the boundary of a town and may serve more than one town. This necessitates the co- ordination of all authorities concerned, and the roles and responsibilities of different departments need to be clearly defined and accepted by all concerned.
(vi) Location: The accessibility of a disposal site, especially its distance from town, is an important factor in site selection, especially when staff and public do not have a strong incentive to use it, when compared to indiscriminate dumping. Site selection is perhaps the most difficult stage in the development of suitable disposal option.
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