Plants as Food
Plants are the main source of food for humans. These plants are known as food plants.
Do you have a vegetable garden in your house? Have you ever seen harvesting of ripened vegetables?
Which part of the plants is used as food for us?
We eat different parts of plants such as root, stem, leaf, seed unripe and ripe fruits. We can classify the food plants as following.
Plants also give us coffee, tea, sugar and raw materials for oil.
We get vegetables from different parts of the plants.
Roots: eg: Beetroot , Carrot.
Leaves: eg: Curry Leaves, Cabbage.
Stems: eg: Potato, Yam.
Flowers: eg:Banana flower, Cauliflower.
Fruits: eg: Amla, Guava.
Cereals are edible components of grain of cultivated grass. Example Rice, Wheat, Bajra, Millet.
Pulses are edible seeds of plants legume family. Pulses are secured in pods. eg: Bengal gram, Green mung bean.
Activity 1: Tabulate the names of vegetables, Cereals and pulses you know.
Activity 2: How do Rava, Maida, Sago and Vermicelli are made? Discuss with your friends.