Fibre yielding plants
Plants which give us fibres necessary for our uses are called as Fibre yielding plants. The fibre from these plants can be spun into thread , rope, and cloth. These fibres are called as natural fibres.
We can classify the Fibre yielding plants into two types based on the uses and the parts of the plant from where we get the fibre.
Based on Use
1. Textile Fibres (making cloth), eg: Cotton
2. Cordage Fibres (making rope) eg: Coconut Fibre
3. Filling Fibres (making mattresses). eg: Silk cotton
Based on the plant parts
1. Plant Fibres include seed hairs eg: cotton;
2. Stem (or bast) Fibres eg: flax, jute;
3. Leaf Fibres eg: Agave,
4. Husk Fibres eg: coconut.
In India, Jute crop is grown in seven states – West Bengal, Assam, Odisha, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Tripura and Meghalaya. West Bengal alone accounts for over 50% of raw jute production.
Activity 4: Take a small quantity of cotton swap. Hold it between your thumb and fore finger. Now, gently start pulling out the cotton, while continuously twisting the Fibres. Are you able to make a yarn?
The process of making yarn from Fibres is called Spinning.