decisive action taken to safeguard children from harm.
This is defined as either:
infliction of harm to a child.
to prevent harm to a child.
Children may be abused in the
family home, in an institutional setting, or, occasionally, by a stranger. Most
young people who are abused know their abuser. It is estimated that 1–2
children die each week due to abuse.
Child abuse may be categorized as:
This is defined as a persistent
failure to meet a child’s basic physical or psy-chological needs that is likely
to result in serious impairment of the child’s health and development. Neglect
may occur during pregnancy as a result of maternal substance abuse. Once a
child is born it may involve:
to provide adequate food.
to protect from physical harm or danger.
to access appropriate medical care or treatment.
to ensure adequate supervision
unkempt and dirty appearance.
failure by carers to prevent accidental injury.
of social responsiveness and/or developmental delay when there are other
concerns about the environment at home.
Medical advice is not sought,
which compromises the health of the child, including if they are in ongoing