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Chapter: 11th 12th std standard History autobiography life Higher secondary school College Notes

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Mussolini as the Prime Minster of Italy

Mussolini was an action oriented Prime Minister. He took the following steps for the reorganization of administration.

These demands of the Fascist Party soon achieved popularity in Italy. The number of members increased very rapidly. In 1919 there were only seventeen thousand members in the party. The number increased to 3 lakhs in 1922. The Fascists captured the offices of the Socialist and the Communist parties by force.

 

In October 1922, the Fascist Party had its party convention at Naples. A Charter of Demands was passed at the convention. They include induction of Fascist members in the Cabinet, new election to the Legislatures and the adoption of a vigorous foreign policy. But the government refused to concede. The Fascists therefore marched on to Rome, under the leadership of Mussolini. They captured all the government officers. The government asked the king Victor Immanuel III to promulgate martial law. Mussolini was invited to form the ministry.

Mussolini as the Prime Minster of Italy

Mussolini was an action oriented Prime Minister. He took the following steps for the reorganization of administration.

 

These demands of the Fascist Party soon achieved popularity in Italy. The number of members increased very rapidly. In 1919 there were only seventeen thousand members in the party. The number increased to 3 lakhs in 1922. The Fascists captured the offices of the Socialist and the Communist parties by force.

 

In October 1922, the Fascist Party had its party convention at Naples. A Charter of Demands was passed at the convention. They include induction of Fascist members in the Cabinet, new election to the Legislatures and the adoption of a vigorous foreign policy. But the government refused to concede. The Fascists therefore marched on to Rome, under the leadership of Mussolini. They captured all the government officers. The government asked the king Victor Immanuel III to promulgate martial law. Mussolini was invited to form the ministry.

 

Mussolini as the Dictator

Rule of one leader and one party was the ideology of Fascism. He had no faith in democracy and hated the majority. He believed in the supremacy of the state.

The individual had no right. The individual was merely a means to recognise the existence of the state.


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