G. Listen to your teacher reading a passage on Udhagamandalam
- the Queen of Hill Stations. Tick the appropriate answer.
–the Queen of Hill Stations
Udhagamandalam is located in the Western Ghats
zone at an altitude of 2240 m. It is the headquarters of the Nilgiri District,
where the two mountain ranges meet. Udhagamandalam, popularly called Ooty by
the tourist, is the Queen of Hill Stations. Centuries ago this was also called
as Oththai-Kal [single stone] Mandu [Mund is a name of Toda Village]. The
British started calling it as Ootacamund. Coffee and Tea Plantations and trees like Conifers, Eucalyptus, Pine and
Wattle dot the hill side in Udhagamandalam and its environs. Summer temperature
is maximum of 25ºC and a minimum of 10ºC. During the winter it is a maximum of
21ºC and a minimum of 5ºC. This area was inhabited by the tribals called Toda
long before anybody ventured into this region. Curiously enough, this slice of paradise
remained unknown even during the periods of the great Southern Dynasties. It
was the British who ventured into the region during early nineteenth century.
In search of cooler climates development and modernization took place after
their arrival. This was the Summer Capital of the Madras Presidency during the
It is the pride of
the Blue Hills and centre of attraction. This was formed by Mr.John Sullivan,
the then Collector of Coimbatore in the year 1824. This is located in an area
of 65 acres. Fishing was the major activity in this place. In the year 1973,
Tourism Development Corporation, Government of Tamilnadu, on behalf of the
Tourism Department took possession of this place for Boating activity, which
provides another thrilling entertainment for the tourists.
1. Udhagamandalam is
located in the Western Ghats zone at an altitude of ________.
a. 2045 m
b. 2240 m
c. 2234 m
d. 2040 m
2. Centuries ago Udhagamandalam
was called ________.
c. Oththai-Kal Mandu
3. The maximum summer
temperature of Udhagamandalam is ________.
4. Udhagamandalam was
inhibited by tribals called ________.
5. Ooty was the Summer
Capital of the ________ during the British
d. Madras Presidency
Answer: 1) 2040 m 2) Oththai-Kal Mandu 3) 25°C 4) Toda 5)