Listen to the following story
The Olympic Games began in Greece about three
thousand years ago. All wars stopped for the Olympics in those days. The discus
and the Pentathlon began in these early Olympic Games. In 394 the Romans
stopped the Greek Olympic Games, because they didn’t like them. In 1896, a
Frenchman – Pierre de Coubertin began the Olympic Games again. These days the
Olympic Games usually happen every four years. But how did the Paralympics for
disabled begin? In the 1940s Sir Ludwig Guttmann was a doctor at the stoke
Mandeville hospital in England. At the hospital there were many disabled
soldiers from World War II and Guttmann wanted these soldiers to get better by
The Paralympics are younger than the Olympics,
but they are getting bigger all the time. The first true paralympic Games
happened in Rome in 1960. Four hundred disabled athletes from twenty-three
different countries came to these Games. At the Bejing Paralympics in 2008,
there were 4,000 disabled athletes from 144 countries! These days there are
Paralympic Games every four years, and because it’s easier for Paralympic
athletes to stay in Olympic hotels and to run in Olympic stadiums, the
Paralympics usually happen in the Olympic cities, too. Think of swimming with
only one leg against people with two legs. Think of running with artificial
legs. Think of playing basketball in a wheelchair. Disabled people can do some
[Source:True Heroes of Sport by Donatella
1. The Paralympic games are for
b. disabled people.
2. The Paralympic games usually happen
a. in Greece.
b. every four years.
c. after the Olympic Games.
3. The first true Paralympic Games happened in
4. In 394 BCE, the Romans stopped the Greek
Olympic Games, because they didn’t like them.
5. Sir Ludwig Guttmann was a doctor at the Stoke Mandeville hospital in England.
a. Pierre de Coubertin
b. Sir Ludwig Guttmann
c. Natalie du Toit