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The Olympic Games began in Greece about three thousand years ago. All wars stopped for the Olympics in those days. The discus and the Pentathlon began in these early Olympic Games. In 394 the Romans stopped the Greek Olympic Games, because they didn’t like them. In 1896, a Frenchman – Pierre de Coubertin began the Olympic Games again. These days the Olympic Games usually happen every four years. But how did the Paralympics for disabled begin? In the 1940s Sir Ludwig Guttmann was a doctor at the stoke Mandeville hospital in England. At the hospital there were many disabled soldiers from World War II and Guttmann wanted these soldiers to get better by doing sports.
The Paralympics are younger than the Olympics, but they are getting bigger all the time. The first true paralympic Games happened in Rome in 1960. Four hundred disabled athletes from twenty-three different countries came to these Games. At the Bejing Paralympics in 2008, there were 4,000 disabled athletes from 144 countries! These days there are Paralympic Games every four years, and because it’s easier for Paralympic athletes to stay in Olympic hotels and to run in Olympic stadiums, the Paralympics usually happen in the Olympic cities, too. Think of swimming with only one leg against people with two legs. Think of running with artificial legs. Think of playing basketball in a wheelchair. Disabled people can do some wonderful things!
[Source:True Heroes of Sport by Donatella Fitzgerald]
1. The Paralympic games are for disabled people
b. disabled people.
2. The Paralympic games usually happen after the Olympic Games
a. in Greece.
b. every four years.
c. after the Olympic Games.
3. The first true Paralympic Games happened in Rome in 1960
4. In 394 BCE, the Romans stopped the Greek Olympic Games, because they didn’t like them.
5. Sir Ludwig Guttmann was a doctor at the Stoke Mandeville hospital in England.
a. Pierre de Coubertin
b. Sir Ludwig Guttmann
c. Natalie du Toit