Kinds of Human Rights
There are 30 Articles incorporated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
These rights are broadly classified into Five primary categories. They are as follows
a. Civil Rights
The term civil rights refers to the basic rights afforded by laws of the government to every person. This is the right to be treated as an equal to anyone else. It includes the rights to life, liberty, freedom from slavery and arbitrary arrest.
b. Political Rights
Political rights are exercised in the formation and administration of a government. The Civil and Political rights are directly related to modern democracy. They protect the individual from the misuse of political power and recognise every individual’s right to participate in their country’s political process. It includes the freedom of expression, and peaceful assembly, the right to take part in the government of one’s country, the right to vote, the freedom of speech and obtain information.
c. Social Rights
It is necessary for an individual to fully participate in the society. Social rights are those rights necessary for an adequate standard of living including the right to education, health care, food, clothing, shelter and social security.
d. Economic Rights
The right to participate in an economy that benefits all and to desirable work. Economic rights guarantee every person to have condition under which they are able to meet their needs. This includes the rights to employment and fair wage, the reasonable limitation of working hours, shelter, education and adequate standard of living, and the right to property.
e. Cultural Rights
The right to freedom of religion and to speak the language and to practice the cultural life of the community, the right to share in scientific advancement, and right to the protection of moral and material interest.
The Difference between Human Rights and Civil Rights
• Human rights belong to everyone, everywhere, regardless of nationality, sexuality, gender, race, religion or age.
• Human rights are considered universal to all human beings and universal in all countries.
• No nation may rightfully deprive human rights to an individual.
• Human rights are basic rights inherent with birth.
• Civil rights are those rights that one enjoys by virtue of citizenship in a particular nation or state.
• Civil rights vary greatly from country to the country's or government to government. It is related to the Constitution.
• Different nations can grant or deny different civil rights and liberties.
• Civil rights are creation of the society.