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Chapter: Business Science : Information Management

Introduction to Information Management

Data is defined as facts or figures, or information that's stored in or used by a computer. An example of data is information collected for a research paper.



1 Data


Data is defined as facts or figures, or information that's stored in or used by a computer. An example of data is information collected for a research paper. the quantities, characters, or symbols on which operations are performed by a computer, which may be stored and transmitted in the form of electrical signals and recorded on magnetic, optical, or mechanical recording media.


2 Information



Information is a stimulus that has meaning in some context for its receiver. When information is entered into and stored in a computer, it is generally referred to as data. After processing (such as formatting and printing), output data can again be perceived as information.


Information (shortened as info or info.) is that which informs, i.e. that from which data can be derived. At its most fundamental, information is any propagation of cause and effect within a system. Information is conveyed either as the content of a message or through direct or indirect observation of something. That which is perceived can be construed as a message in its own right, and in that sense, information is always conveyed as the content of a message. Information can be encoded into various forms for transmission and interpretation. For example, information may be encoded into signs, and transmitted via signals.


These are difficult times for all organizations of all sizes and in all sectors. On the one hand, customers have ever-increasing expectations in terms of the speed and quality of service they expect and, on the other resources are continually under pressure.


This document sets out how effective information and records management can help any organization to move forward in this challenging environment through,


            achieving cost and efficiency savings;


            making best use of information assets and


            Taking advantage of the opportunities offered by new technologies.



3 Intelligence



Intelligence has been defined in many different ways such as in terms of one's capacity for logic, abstract thought, understanding, self-awareness, communication, learning, emotional knowledge, memory, planning, creativity and problem solving.




Knowledge is a familiarity, awareness or understanding of someone or something, such as facts, information, descriptions, or skills, which is acquired through experience or education by perceiving, discovering, or learning. Knowledge can refer to a theoretical or practical understanding of a subject.




            Learning Better


            Setting Goals As You Learn


            Learn Complex Things Faster


            Knowledge Helps You Solve Problems


            Understanding Yourself


5 Information Technology (IT)


Information technology (IT) is the application of computers and telecommunications equipment to store, retrieve, transmit and manipulate data, often in the context of a business or other enterprise.


1 Need


Education is a lifelong process therefore anytime anywhere access to it is the need


Information explosion is an ever increasing phenomena therefore there is need to get access to this information


Education should meet the needs of variety of learners and therefore IT is important in meeting this need


It is a requirement of the society that the individuals should posses technological literacy


We need to increase access and bring down the cost of education to meet the challenges of illiteracy and poverty-IT is the answer


2 Importance


access to variety of learning resources


immediacy to information


anytime learning


anywhere learning


collaborative learning


multimedia approach to education


authentic and up to date information


access to online libraries


teaching of different subjects made interesting


educational data storage


distance education


access to the source of information


Multiple communication channels-e-mail, chat, forum, blogs, etc.



            access to open courseware


            better accesses to children with disabilities


            reduces time on many routine tasks



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Business Science : Information Management : Introduction to Information Management |

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