1.What are global issues?
social and environment aspects of engineer's profession and also the
international context of engineering is called global issues. The global issues
involve engineers as social experimenters.
2.What are the three versions of Relativism?
i . Ethical Relativism ii . Descriptive
Relativism iii . Moral Relativism
3. Differentiate between technology transfer and appropriate
process by which technology is shifted to a novel setting and its subsequent
implementation is called technology transfer. Whereas the process by which the
suitable technology is properly identified, transferred and implemented in a
new set of an environment is called appropriate technology.
4. Give any
ten International rights suggested by Donaldson?
right to freedom of physical movement.
right to ownership of property.
right to freedom from torture.
right to a fair trial.
right to non-discriminatory treatment.
right to physical security.
right to freedom of speech and association.
right to minimal education.
right to political participation.
5. What are
the reasons for the disaster at Bhopal?
tanks used to store Methyl Iso-cyanate were overloaded to a tune of 75%.
plant was al so filled with a large amount of chemicals.
entire refrigeration unit had been shutdown as a measure to reduce the cost and
this led to increase of temperatures to a higher level.
the disappointed workers unscrewed a pressure gauge on a tank and inserted a
hosepipe into i t, knowing that i t would cause damage, but not to this extent.
has also been shut down.
tower was al so not in an operating condition.
there were no emergency drills or evacuation plants available.
6.What is the important concept of environmental ethics?
branch of applied ethics which is associated with the restoration of natural
environment in a balanced state by not harming the human society through vast
industrialization is called environmental ethics.
7.What are the characteristic features of human-centered
conservation of natural resources for the benefit of present and future
generations and the strong emphasis on the human awareness on the destruction
of nature are the characteristic features of human-centered environmental
8. What is embezzlement?
process of committing computer crimes such as stealing or cheating clients and
consumers and conspiracy in the fraudulent uses of computer networks is called
9.How engineers justify their involvements in weapons works?
and constant source of income for the livelihood of their families, better job
promotional avenues with an enhanced salary and compulsive reservations in
mental attitude are the primary factors with which engineers justify and
compromise themselves to work defence industries.
10. What are the problems of Defence industry?
a) Problem of waste and huge cost in implementing
and maintaining a weapons system.
b) Problem of Technology creep.
c) Problems in maintaining secrecy.
d) Every country allocates large amount of its
resources to defence sector [India spent ¼ of i ts resource for defence]
11. What is an ethical climate?
favourable and workable atmosphere that is essential for the responsible
conduct of an engineer is called ethical climate. This ethical climate enables
engineers to contribute their maximum best to their corporate companies.
12. What are the special features of an ethical corporate climate?
values are widely appreciated by managers and employees.
· A corporate code of ethics is emphasized for using ethical language.
· Moral tone is set up in policies by management by providing suitable guidelines for professional codes of ethics..
methods and procedures for conflict resolution are suitably evolved.