1. PRESENT TENSE
i. SIMPLE PRESENT (verb+s/es)
ii. PRESENT CONTINUOUS (am/is/are+verb+ing)
iii. PRESENT PERFECT (has/have+past participle)
iv. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS (has/have+been+verb+ing)
II. PAST TENSE
i. SIMPLE PAST (past form of the tense)
ii. PAST CONTINUOUS (was/were+verb+ing)
iii. PAST PERFECT (had + past participle)
iv. PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS (had+been+verb+ing)
3. FUTURE TENSE
i. SIMPLE FUTURE (shall/will + verb)
ii. FUTURE CONTINUOUS (shall/will +be + verb+ing)
iii. FUTURE PERFECT (shall/will+ have + past participle)
iv. FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS (shall/will+have been + verb+ing)
True in the present
* He works in a studio.
* She is sixty years old.
* We live in Chennai.
* I always drink coffee at work.
* He wakes up at 7 a.m. every day.
* They usually eat dinner at home.
* The Earth revolves around the Sun.
* The Sun rises in the East.
* Water boils at 100oC.
* My train arrives tomorrow.
* We fly to Paris on Monday.
* Classes begin next week.
* It is raining.
* I'm eating lunch now.
* I am meeting my friends after work.
* I'm working in New York this week.
* More and more people are using cell phones to access the Internet.
Longer actions in progress now
* She is studying to become a doctor.
* He is training for a marathon.
Action completed in the immediate past
* We have planned the meeting for next week.
* I have joined the duty.
* She has completed the home work.
Event in the past at an unspecified time
* She has been to Paris.
* I've seen that movie.
Duration from the past until now
* He has been a teacher since 2002.
Change over time
* Your English has improved since the last time we met.
* My niece has grown a lot in the past year.
Repeated events in the past until now
* We have had four exams so far in this semester.
* I've been to this restaurant many times since I moved next door.
Continued action in the past, before an action in the past
He had been waiting for an hour when she finally arrived.
"If"- impossible condition
If I had been paying attention, I wouldn't have got into an accident.
Cause of something in the past
He went on a diet because he had been eating too much.
She said that John had been helping her study for months.
* Someone is at the door. I’ll see who it is. (at the present moment)
* I will help you with your homework tonight. (promise/offer)
* She won't tell me her password. (refusal)
Willingness: (will + verb)
My Mother will get a Foot Ball today
Future Fact: (will + verb)
Plan or Intention (be going to + verb)
* I'm going to watch a movie tonight.
* He's going to have a party this weekend.
* It is cloudy. It's going to rain. (evidence)
* You'll go abroad someday. (opinion)
They'll be coming to visit us next week.
She will be taking an exam at 2 p.m. tomorrow, so don't call her then.
I will be waiting for you when you arrive tonight.
She will be watching TV, and he will be cooking dinner.
While he cooks dinner, she will be watching TV.
When I enter the class, the teacher will be teaching, some students will be taking notes, and my best friend will be trying to stay awake.
1. Cause of something in the future
* Her English will be excellent by the time she visits the U.S. because she will have been studying it for five years.
* He will be tired by the time he arrives because he will have been travelling all day.
2 Duration before something in the future
* He will have been waiting for an hour when she finally arrives.
* She will have been working at the company for ten years by the time I retire.