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Chapter: 9th English : UNIT 5 : Prose : Water - The Elixir of Life - by Sir C.V. Raman

Grammar: Tenses - Questions Answer

1. PRESENT TENSE i. SIMPLE PRESENT (verb+s/es) ii. PRESENT CONTINUOUS (am/is/are+verb+ing) iii. PRESENT PERFECT (has/have+past participle) iv. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS (has/have+been+verb+ing) II. PAST TENSE i. SIMPLE PAST (past form of the tense) ii. PAST CONTINUOUS (was/were+verb+ing) iii. PAST PERFECT (had + past participle) iv. PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS (had+been+verb+ing) 3. FUTURE TENSE i. SIMPLE FUTURE (shall/will + verb) ii. FUTURE CONTINUOUS (shall/will +be + verb+ing) iii. FUTURE PERFECT (shall/will+ have + past participle) iv. FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS (shall/will+have been + verb+ing)

Simple Present Tense

A. Choose the correct form of the present tense verb from the options given.

1. All children learn something new every day.(learn/ learns/ learned)

2. A good student always  work hard.(work / works / worked)

3. Engineers build bridges. (build / builds / built)

4. My sister is an architect.She designs skyscrapers. (design/ designs / designed)

5. The Himalayas protects India from the cold winds. (protect/ protects/ protected)

6. It always drizzles here in the afternoon. (drizzle / drizzles / drizzled)

7. My mother works in a factory. (work/ works/ worked)

8. Kamali speaks English very well, but she doesn’t understand Hindi. (speak/ speaks/ spoke)

9. Cows give us milk. (give/ gives/ gave)

10. The trains to Chennai always run on time. (run / runs / ran)


Present Continuous Tense

B. Make sentences in the present continuous tense using the verb given in brackets.

1. Who is that boy standing on the table? (stand)

2. What are you doing? (do) I am listening (listen) to music.

3. My brother is working (work) in London now.

4. I am waiting (wait) for my mother.

5. It is better not to disturb her, she is working (work).


C. What are they doing? Use the verbs below and write sentences.

eat cry play read sing watch

1. Answer: Peter is watching

2. Answer: Sudan is playing

3. Answer: Velu is reading

4. Answer: Anu is singing

5. Answer: Kalai is crying


D. Look at the picture again and answer the questions.

1. Is Galen reading? Answer: No, Galen is eating

2. Is Velu eating? Answer: No, Velu is reading

3. Is Kalai dancing? Answer: No, Kalai is crying

4. Is Peter watching TV? Answer: No, Peter is watching through a telescope

5. Is Anu crying? Answer: No, Anu is singing


E. Write the –ing form of the verbs.

1. Come Answer: Coming

2. Take Answer: Taking

3. Fly Answer: Flying

4. Swim Answer: Swimming

5. Study Answer: Studying

6. Read Answer: Reading


F. Write negative sentences.

1. He is learning to read.

Answer: No, He isn't learning to read

2. I am having a bath.

Answer: No, I am not having a bath

3. I’m reading a fantastic book.

Answer: No, I'm not reading a fantastic book 

4. Raja is driving a new car.

Answer: No, Raja is not driving a new car

5. I’m looking for my bag.

Answer: No, I'm not looking for my bag


G. Write questions for the answers.

1. Are they singing? No, they aren’t singing.

2. Is she writing a new book? Yes, She is writing a new book.

3. Is it working? Yes, It is working.

4. Is he doing the project? No, he isn't doing the project.

5. Are you planning to go? Yes, We are palning to go.


H. Fill in the blanks with verbs in the present continuous.

1. You are listening (listen) to the music.

2. He is crying (cry).

3. I am swimming (swim) in the pool.

4. Latha is waiting (wait) for her daughter.

5. Is she watching (watch) TV?

6. Who is he helping (help)?

7. Her father is not cooking (not/cook) dinner.

8. Akila is not singing (not/sing) a song.

9. My brother is not doing (not/do) his homework.

10. Is your mother working (work) today?

11. Amutha and Praba are playing (play) tennis.

12. Amith and Ravi are not swimming (not/swim) in the lake.


I. Make sentences in the present perfect tense using the verbs in brackets.

1. She has never apologized to anybody.

(never apologized, has never apologized, have never apologized)

2. My mother has been to London.

(has been, being in, have been )

3. I have read all the plays of Shakespeare.

(read, had read, have read)

4. Have you finished your lunch?

(finish, finished, had finished)

5. Has he brought his bike?

 (Had, Has, Have)


J. Present perfect with “ever and never”

Have you ever…?

Question: Have you ever eaten a kiwi fruit?

Answer: Yes, I have eaten a kiwi fruit. Or No, I have never eaten a kiwi fruit.


K. Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Make sentences in the present perfect continuous tense using the verbs in brackets.

1. How long have you been waiting ? (are you waiting, have you been waiting, have you waited)

2. She has been working in the garden since morning. (is working, has been working, work)

3. I have been using this mobile for three years. (am using, has used, have been using)

4. The children have been playing in the park. (has been playing, have been playing, had been playing)

5. The workers have been demanding higher wages for a long time. (has been demanding, have been demanding, demand)


Simple Past Tense

L. Complete the story using the past tense of the verbs.

 The Hare and the Tortoise 

One day a  and a  decided to have a race. The  knew (know) that the  could (can) run faster than him. But the  was (be) more intelligent than the . 'Yes, I'll race you,' said (say) the . The  had (have) a clever plan. He found (find) his brothers and sisters and he told (tell) them to wait in different places along the path of the race. So they all hide (hide) behind the trees along the path. The race began (begin)! The  ran (run) as fast as possible. But the  was (be) faster, of course. 'This will be a very easy race', thought (think) the . So the  decided (decide) to rest, and he quickly fell (fall) asleep at the side of the road. Suddenly, the  woke up (wake up) and he saw (see) a   ahead of him! 'How did he get ahead of me?' the  asked himself. In fact, it was (be) not his friend the : it was (be) the 's sister. But to a , all tortoises look the same. The  ran (run) past the  easily. Soon, he could not (cannot) see the , so he sat (sit) down to rest. Then the  got up (get up) and continued the race. But as the  turned (turn) around the last corner before the finish line, his friend the   crossed the line and won (win) the race!


M. Finish each clue by changing the verb within brackets to an irregular past-tense verb.

Then complete the crossword puzzle.


1. The lake (freeze) froze overnight.

3. Hema (buy) bought a new bicycle.

4. Aravind (give) gave me a slice of pizza.

5. We (drink) drank milk.

6. The dog (sleep) slept on the sofa.

7. He (write) wrote a letter to his cousin in America.


1. I (find) found a coin on the ground.

2. Tony (teach) taught his cat to use the litter box.

3. Selvi (blow) blew out the candle.


Past Continuous Tense

N. Make sentences in the past continuous tense using the verb in brackets.

1. The children were waiting (wait) for the bus.

2. The girls were learning (learn) their lessons.

3. I was playing (play) in the rain all evening.

4. Vijay was repairing (repair) his car.

5. Hari was working (work) hard to pass the entrance examination.


Past Perfect Tense

O. Complete the sentences using the past perfect tense.

1. Kalai didn’t complete his homework because he had become tired.

2. By the time Sundar got up his sister had gone to school.

3. When we reached the park, my friends had left.

4. Saralah didn’t want to see her as she had decided to avoid her.

5. Manohar was laughing because he had liked the joke very much.


Past Perfect Continuous Tense

P. Circle the correct verb form in each of the following sentences.

1. Ezhil had been baking baked / had been baking a cake when they came.

2. Veeran had been cleaning cleaned / had been cleaning the room since morning.

3. We had been working worked / had been working in the city for ten years before we moved to the village.

4. The cat had been waiting had been waiting/was waiting for the mice to come out of its hole.

5. Kannan had been looking had been looking/ have been looking for a job for a long time.


Simple Future Tense

Q. Complete the sentences using the correct form of the verbs in brackets.

1. We hope you will have (have) a great time in Ooty.

2. I think Manju will visit (visit) her grandparents during the vacation.

3. Be careful, that mirror will fall (fall) on the floor.

4. As soon as my father arrives, we shall / will go (go) to watch the film.

5. When your train arrives, I shall / will wait (wait) for you at the station.


Future Continuous Tense

R. Make sentences in the future continuous tense using the verb in brackets.

1. Ashwin will be completing (complete) M.B.A. in another two years.

2. I will be going (go) to Thanjavur by this time tomorrow.

3. Prabha will be receiving (receive) the best student award in six months’ time.

4. The plane will be leaving (leave) at 3 o’clock.

5. He will be attending (attend) the conference.


S. What is Amala going to do? Given below is Amala’s schedule for next week. Read it and answer the questions using the future continuous tense.

Amala’s Schedule

1. What will Amala do on Sunday morning?

Answer: Amala will be visiting her grandmother on Sunday morning.

2. What is Amala planning to do on Saturday afternoon?

Answer: Amala will be preparing sweets on Saturday afternoon.

3. Where is Amala going on Wednesday morning?

Answer: Amala will be going to the library to return the library books on Wednesday morning.

4. Who is Amala meeting on Tuesday morning?

Answer: On Tuesday morning, Amala will be meeting her friends.

5. What will she buy on Monday afternoon?

Answer: Amala will be buying groceries for the week on Monday afternoon. 


Future Perfect Tense

T. Match words from the different columns to make reasonable predictions. Then write them down in the space below. One has been done as an example.


Write the sentences.

In 50 years the ice cap will have melted.

2. Answer: In 100 years India will have become the world's richest country.

3. Answer: In 50 years India will have launched a space centre in moon.

4. Answer: In 10 years the world's population will have reached 10 billion.

5. Answer: In 50 years scientists will have invented a complete cure to cancer.

6. Answer: In 1000 years India will have become one country.

7. Answer: In 50 years women will have obtained equal rights with men.

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9th English : UNIT 5 : Prose : Water - The Elixir of Life - by Sir C.V. Raman : Grammar: Tenses - Questions Answer |

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