International Organisations - Glossary | 12th Political Science : Chapter 11 : International Organisations

Chapter: 12th Political Science : Chapter 11 : International Organisations


Political Science : International Organisations : Glossary

Glossary - International Organisations

v The International Telecommunication Union (ITU): originally the International Telegraph Union, ITU was formed at the International Telegraph Convention, held in Paris on 17 May 1865.


v The Universal Postal Union (UPU): established by the Treaty of Bern of 1874, is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that coordinates postal policies among member nations.

v International Peace Conference originally The Paris Peace Conference: also known as the Versailles Peace Conference, on 18 January 1919 of the victorious Allied Powers following the end of World War I to set the peace terms for the defeated Central Powers.


v The International Court of Justice (ICJ): sometimes called the World Court, is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN).


v The Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA): is an intergovernmental Organisation located at The Hague in the Netherlands.


v The League of Nations: abbreviated as LN or LoN, was an intergovernmental organisation founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War.


v The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental Organisation tasked with maintaining international peace and security, developing friendly relations among nations.


v The Concert of Europe represented the European balance of power from 1815 to 1848.

v The International Labour Organisation (ILO) was established as an agency of the League of Nations following World War I.


v The International Monetary Fund (IMF), also known as the Fund, is an international Organisation headquartered in Washington, D.C.


v The World Bank (WB) also known as the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), is an international financial institution that provides interest-free loans and grants to the governments of poorer countries for the purpose of pursuing capital projects

v The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) is a multilateral development bank that aims to support the building of infrastructure in the Asia-Pacific region.


v The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is a regional development bank established on 19 December 1966, which is headquartered in the Ortigas Center located in the city of Mandaluyong, Metro Manila, Philippines.


v Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is an non-governmental Organisation focused on human rights.

v Human Rights Watch (HRW) is an international non-governmental Organisation, founded in 1978, headquartered in New York City, that conducts research and advocacy on human rights.


v The League Council the main constitutional organs of the League of Nations were the Assembly, the Council, and the Permanent Secretariat.


v General Assembly (UNGA or GA) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations (UN), the only one in which all member nations have equal representation.

v Munich Conference. The Conference held in Munich on September 28-29, 1938, during which the leaders of Great Britain, France, and Italy agreed to allow Germany to annex certain areas of Czechoslovakia.


v Trusteeship Council is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, established to help ensure that trust territories were administered in the best interests of their inhabitants and of international peace and security.


v International non-governmental Organisation (INGO) has the same mission non-governmental Organisation (NGO), but it is international in scope and has outposts around the world to deal with specific issues in many countries.

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