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Functions of merchant Banking

The following are the functions of merchant bankers in India. Ø Corporate counseling Ø Project Counseling Ø Capita l Structuring Ø Portfolio Management Ø Issue Management Ø Credit Syndication Ø Working capital Ø Venture Capital Ø Lease Finance Ø Fixed Deposits

Functions of merchant Banking

Functions of merchant Banking: Merchant banking functions in India is the same as merchant banks in UK and other European countries. The following are the functions of merchant bankers in India.

Ø   Corporate counseling


Ø   Project Counseling


Ø   Capita l Structuring


Ø   Portfolio Management


Ø   Issue Management


Ø   Credit Syndication


Ø   Working capital


Ø   Venture Capital


Ø                      Lease Finance


Ø   Fixed Deposits


(i)    Corporate counseling: Corporate counseling covers counseling in the form of project counseling, capital restructuring, project management, public issue management, loan syndication, working capital fixed deposit, lease financing, acceptance credit etc., The scope of corporate counseling is limited to giving suggestions and opinions to the client and help taking actions to solve their problems. It is provided to a corporate unit with a view to ensure better performance, maintain steady growth and create better image among investors.


(ii) Project counseling Project counseling is a part of corporate counseling and relates to project finance. It broadly covers the study of the project, offering advisory assistance on the viability and procedural steps for its implementation.


a. Identification of potential investment avenues.


b. A general view of the project ideas or project profiles.


c. Advising on procedural aspects of project implementation d. Reviewing the technical feasibility of the project


e.                  Assisting in the(TechnicalselectionConsultancyOrganizations)of forTCO‗spreparing project reports


f. Assisting in the preparation of project report


g. Assisting in obtaining approvals, licenses, grants, foreign collaboration etc., from government


h. Capital structuring


i. Arranging and negotiating foreign collaborations, amalgamations, mergers and takeovers.



j.  Assisting clients in preparing applications for financial assistance to various national and state level institutions banks etc.,


k.    Providing assistance to entrepreneurs coming to India in seeking approvals from the Government of India.


(iii)           Capital Structure Here the Capital Structure is worked out i.e., the capital required, raising of the capital, debt-equity ratio, issue of shares and debentures, working capital, fixed capital requirements, etc.,


(iv)           Portfolio Management It refers to the effective management of Securities i.e., the merchant banker helps the investor in matters pertaining to investment decisions. Taxation and inflation are taken into account while advising on investment in different securities. The merchant banker also undertakes the function of buying and selling of securities on behalf of their client companies. Investments are done in such a way that it ensures maximum returns and minimum risks.


(v)             Issue Management: Management of issues refers to effective marketing of corporate securities viz., equity shares, preference shares and debentures or bonds by offering them to public. Merchant banks act as intermediary whose main job is to transfer capital from those who own it to those who need it. The issue function may be broadly divided in to pre issue and post issue management.


a. Issue through prospectus, offer for sale and private placement. b. Marketing and underwriting


c. pricing of issues


(vi)           Credit Syndication: Credit Syndication refers to obtaining of loans from single development finance institution or a syndicate or consortium. Merchant Banks help corporate clients to raise syndicated loans from commercials banks. Merchant banks helps in identifying which financial institution should be approached for term loans. The merchant bankers follow certain steps before assisting the clients approach the appropriate financial institutions. a.


Merchant banker first makes an appraisal of the project to satisfy that it is viable b. He ensures that the project adheres to the guidelines for financing industrial projects. c. It helps in designing capital structure, determining the promoter‗s amount of term loan to be raised. d. After verifications of the project, the Merchant Banker arranges for a preliminary meeting with financial institution. e. If the financial institution agrees to consider the proposal, the application is filled and submitted along with other documents.

(vii) Working Capital: The Companies are given Working Capital finance, depending upon their earning capacities in relation to the interest rate prevailing in the market.


(viii)Venture Capital: Venture Capital is a kind of capital requirement which carries more risks and hence only few institutions come forward to finance. The merchant banker looks in to the technical competency of the entrepreneur for venture capital finance.


(ix). Fixed Deposit: Merchant bankers assist the companies to raise finance by way of fixed deposits from the public. However such companies should fulfill credit rating requirements.


(x)Other Functions


Treasury Management- Management of short term fund requirements by client companies.


Stock broking- helping the investors through a network of service units


Servicing of issues- servicing the shareholders and debenture holders in distributing dividends, debenture interest.


Small Scale industry counseling- counseling SSI units on marketing and finance


Equity research and investment counseling –merchant banker plays an important role in providing equity research and investment counseling because the investor is not in a position to take appropriate investment decision.


Assistance to NRI investors - the NRI investors are brought to the notice of the various investment opportunities in the country.


Foreign Collaboration: Foreign collaboration arrangements are made by the Merchant bankers.

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