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# Exercise 3.2

6th Maths : Term 2 Unit 3 : Bill, Profit and Loss : Exercise 3.2 : Miscellaneous Practice Problems, Challenge Problems : Text Book Back Exercises Questions with Answers, Solution

Exercise 3.2

Miscellaneous Practice Problems

1. A shopkeeper buys three articles for 325, 450 and 510. He is able to sell them for 350,425 and525 respectively. Find the gain or loss to the shopkeeper on the whole.

Cost price of three articles = ₹ 325 + ₹ 450 + ₹ 510

= ₹ 1,285

Selling price of three articles = ₹ 350 + ₹ 425 + ₹ 525

= ₹ 1,300

C.P < S.P

Profit = S.P − C.P

= ₹ 1,300 − ₹ 1,285

= ₹ 15

2. A stationery shop owner bought a scientific calculator for 750. He had put a battery worth 100 in it. He had spent 50 for its outer pouch. He was able to sell it for 850. Find his profit or loss.

Cost price = ₹ 750

Cost of battery = ₹ 100

Cost of outer pouch = ₹ 50

Total cost price = ₹ 900

Selling Price  = ₹ 850

C.P > S.P

Loss = C.P − S.P

= ₹ 900 − ₹ 850

= ₹ 50

3. Nathan paid 800 and bought 10 bottles of honey from a village vendor. He sold them in a city for 100 per bottle. Find his profit or loss.

Cost price = ₹ 800

S.P of l bottle of honey = ₹ 100

S.P of 10 bottles of honey = ₹ 100 × 10

= ₹ 1,000

S.P = 1,000

C.P < S.P

Profit = S.P − C.P

= ₹ 1,000 − ₹ 800

= ₹ 200

4. A man bought 400 metre of cloth for 60,000 and sold it at the rate of 400 per metre. Find his profit or loss.

C.P of 400 metre of cloth = ₹ 60,000

S.P of 1 metre of cloth = ₹ 400

S.P of 400 metre of cloth = ₹ 400 × 400

= ₹ 1,60,000

C.P < S.P

Profit = S.P − C.P

= ₹ 1,60,000 − ₹ 60,000

= ₹ 1,00,000

Challenge Problems

5. A fruit seller bought 2 dozen bananas at 20 a dozen and sold them at 3 per banana. Find his gain or loss.

C.P of one dozen bananas = ₹ 20

C.P of 2 dozen bananas = ₹ 20 × 2 = ₹ 40

2 dozen = 2 × 12  = 24 bananas.

S.P ofone banana = ₹ 3

S.P of 24 bananas = ₹ 3 × 24 = ₹ 72

C.P < S.P

Profit = S.P − C.P

= ₹ 72 − ₹ 40

= ₹ 32

6. A store purchased pens at 216 per dozen. He paid 58 for conveyance and sold the pens at the discount of 2 per pen and made a overall profit of 50. Find the M.P. of each pen.

C.P of one dozen pens = ₹ 216

Conveyance charge = ₹ 58

Total C.P = ₹ 274

Profit = ₹ 50

S.P of one dozen pens = ₹ 324

S.P of one pen = ₹ 324 ÷ 12

= ₹ 27

Discount of one pen = ₹ 2

M.P of one pen = S.P + Discount

= ₹ 27 + ₹ 2

= ₹ 29

M.P of one pen = ₹ 29

7. A vegetable vendor buys 10 kg of tomatoes per day at 10 per kg, for the first three days of a week. 1 kg of tomatoes got smashed on everyday for those 3 days. For the remaining 4 days of the week he buys 15 kg of tomatoes daily at 8 per kg. If for entire week he sells tomatoes at 20 per kg, then find his profit or loss for the week.

Tomatoes bought for one day = 10 kg

Tomatoes bought for 3 days = 3 × 10 = 30 kg

C.P of 1 kg of tomatoes = ₹ 10

C.P of 30 kg of tomatoes = ₹ 10 × 30 = ₹ 300

Smashed tomatoes in 3 days = 3 × 1 = 3 kg

Remaining tomatoes = 30 kg − 3 kg = 27 kg

Tomatoes bought for remaining 4 days = 4 × 15 = 60 kg

C.P of 1 kg of tomatoes = ₹ 8

C.P of 60 kg of tomatoes = ₹ 8 × 60 = ₹ 480

Total weight of tomatoes bought = (30 + 60) kg = 90 kg

C.P of 90 kg of tomatoes = ₹ 300 + ₹ 480 = ₹ 780

Leaving smashed tomatoes,

The remaining weight of tomatoes = 27 kg + 60 kg = 87 kg

S.P of 1 kg of tomatoes = ₹ 20

S.P of 87 kg of tomatoes = ₹ 20 × 87 = ₹ 1740

C.P < S.P

Profit = S.P − C.P

= ₹ 1740 − ₹ 780

Profit = ₹ 960

8. An electrician buys a used T.V. for 12,000 and a used Fridge for 11,000. After spending 1000 on repairing the T.V. and1500 on painting the Fridge, he fixes up the M.P. of T.V. as 15,000 and that of Fridge as 15,500. If he gives 1000 discount on each find his profit or loss.

Cost price of T.V = ₹ 12,000

Repairing charge = ₹ 1,000

Total cost price = ₹ 13,000

M.P of T.V = ₹ 15,000

Distance = ₹ 1,000

Selling price = ₹ 14,000

C.P < S.P

Profit = S.P − C.P

= ₹ 14,000 − ₹ 13,000 = ₹ 1,000

Cost price of Fridge = ₹ 11,000

Painting Charge = ₹  1,500

Total cost price = ₹ 12,500

M.P of Fridge = ₹ 15,500

Discount = ₹ 1,000

Selling price = ₹ 14,500

C.P < S.P

Profit = S.P − C.P

= ₹ 14,500 − ₹ 12,500 = ₹ 2,000

Profit got by T.V. = ₹ 1,000

Profit got by Fridge = ₹ 2,000

Total profit = ₹ 1000 + ₹ 2000

= ₹ 3000

Exercise 3.2

1. Gain = ₹15

2. Loss = ₹50

3. Profit = ₹200

4. Profit =₹1,00,000

5. Gain = ₹32

6. M.P. = ₹29

7. Profit =₹960

8. Profit = ₹3000

Tags : Questions with Answers, Solution | Bill, Profit and Loss | Term 2 Chapter 3 | 6th Maths , 6th Maths : Term 2 Unit 3 : Bill, Profit and Loss
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6th Maths : Term 2 Unit 3 : Bill, Profit and Loss : Exercise 3.2 | Questions with Answers, Solution | Bill, Profit and Loss | Term 2 Chapter 3 | 6th Maths