6th Maths : Term 2 Unit 3 : Bill, Profit and Loss : Text Book Back Exercises Questions with Answers, Solution

__Exercise
3.1__

**1.
A school purchases some furniture and gets the following bill.**

**Questions:**

**(i) What is the name of the store?**

Mullai Furniture Mart

**(ii) What is the serial number of the bill?**

Serial No. 728

**(iii) What is the cost of a black board?**

The cost of a black board
is ₹ 3000

**(iv) How many sets of benches and desks does the school buy?**

The school buys 50 sets of
benches and desks.

**(v) Verify whether the total bill amount is correct.**

The total bill amount is
correct.

** **

**2. Prepare a bill for the following books of biographies purchased
from Maruthu Book Store, Chidambaram on 12.04.2018 bearing the bill number 507.
**

**10 copies of Subramanya Bharathiar @ ₹55 each, 15 copies of Thiruvalluvar
@ ₹75 each, 12 copies of Veeramamunivar @ ₹60 each and 12 copies of Thiru.Vi. Ka @ ₹70 each.**

**Answer:**

** **

**3. Fill up the appropriate boxes in the following table.**

**i) C.P < S.P**

Profit = S.P − C.P

= ₹120 − ₹ 100

=** ₹ 20**

**ii) C.P < S.P**

Profit = S.P − C.P

= ₹ 120 − ₹ 110

= **₹ 10**

**iii) Profit = S.P < C.P**

₹ 20 = S.P − ₹ 120

S.P = ₹ 20 − ₹ 120

= **₹ 140**

**iv) C.P > S.P**

Loss = C.P − S.P

= ₹ 100 − ₹ 90

=** ₹ 10**

**v) Profit = S.P − C.P**

₹ 25 = S.P − ₹ 120

S.P = ₹ 25 + ₹ 120

= **₹ 145**

** **

**4.
Fill up the appropriate boxes in the following table.**

i) C.P = ₹ 110

M.P = ₹ 130

Discount = Nil

S.P = M.P − Discount

= ₹ 130 – 0

**= ₹ 130**

C.P < S.P

Profit = S.P − C.P

= ₹ 130 − ₹ 110

**= ₹ 20**

ii) C.P = ₹ 110

M.P = ₹ 130

Discount = ₹ 10

S.P M.P − Discount

= ₹ 130 − ₹ 10

**= ₹ 120**

C.P < S.P

Profit = S.P − C.P

= ₹ 120 − ₹ 110

**= ₹ 10**

iii) C.P = ₹ 110

M.P = ₹ 130

Discount = ₹ 30

S.P = M.P − Discount

= ₹ 130 − ₹ 30

**= ₹ 100**

C.P > S.P

Loss = C.P − S.P

= ₹ 110 − ₹ 100

**= ₹ 10**

iv) C.P = ₹ 100

M.P = ₹ 120

Loss = ₹ 10

S.P = C.P − Loss

= ₹ 100 − ₹ 10

**= ₹ 90**

S.P = M.P − Discount

₹ 90 = ₹ 120 − Discount

Discount = ₹ 120 − ₹ 90

**= ₹ 30**

v) M.P = ₹ 120

Discount = ₹ 10

Profit = ₹ 20

S.P = M.P − Discount

= ₹ 120 − ₹ 10

**= ₹ 110**

C.P = S.P − Profit

= ₹ 110 − ₹ 20

**= ₹ 90**

** **

**5. Rani bought a set of bangles for ₹310. Her neighbour liked it most.
So, Rani sold it to her for ₹325. Find the profit or loss to Rani.**

C.P = ₹ 310

S.P = ₹ 325

C.P < S.P

Profit = S.P − C.P

= ₹ 325 − ₹ 310 = ₹ 15

**Profit = ₹ 15**

** **

**6. Sugan bought a Jeans pant for ₹750. It did not fit him. He sold
it to his friend for ₹710. Find the profit or loss to sugan.**

C.P = ₹ 750

S.P = ₹ 710

C.P > S.P

Loss = C.P − S.P

= ₹ 750 − ₹ 710 = ₹ 40

**Loss = ₹ 40**

** **

**7. Somu bought a second hand bike for ₹28,000 and spent ₹2,000 on its
repair. He sold it for ₹30,000. Find his profit or loss.**

C.P = ₹ 28,000

Repairing Charge = ₹ 2,000

Total C.P = ₹ 30,000

S.P = ₹ 30,000

C.P = S.P

**∴**** No profit / Loss **

** **

**8. Muthu has a car worth ₹8,50,000 and he wants to sell it at a profit
of ₹25,000. What should be the selling price of the car?**

C.P = ₹8,50,000

Profit = ₹ 25,000

S.P = C.P + Profit

= ₹ 8,50,000 − ₹ 25,000

**= ₹ 8,75,000**

** **

**9. Valarmathi sold her pearl set for ₹30,000 at profit of ₹5000. Find
the cost price of the pearl set.**

S.P = ₹ 30,000

Profit = ₹ 5,000

C.P = S.P − Profit

= ₹ 30,000 − ₹ 5,000

**= ₹ 25,000**

** **

**10. If Guna marks his product to be sold for ₹325 and gives a discount
of ₹30, then find the S.P.**

M.P = ₹ 325

Discount = ₹ 30

S.P = M.P − Discount

= ₹ 325 − ₹ 30

**= ₹ 295**

** **

**11. A man buys a chair for ₹1500. He wants to sell it at a profit of
₹250 after making a discount of ₹100. What is the M.P. of the chair?**

C.P = ₹ 1500

Discount = ₹ 100

Profit = ₹ 250

S.P = C.P + Profit

= ₹ 1500 + ₹ 250

**= ₹ 1750**

S.P = M.P − Discount

₹ 1750 = M.P − ₹ 100

M.P = ₹ 1750 + ₹ 100

**= ₹ 1850**

** **

**12. Amutha marked her home product of pickle as ₹300 per pack. But
she sold it for only ₹275 per pack. What was the discount offered by her per pack?**

M.P = ₹ 300

S.P = ₹ 275

S.P = M.P − Discount

₹ 275 = ₹ 300 − Discount

Discount = ₹ 300 − ₹ 275

**= ₹ 25**

** **

**13. Valavan bought 24 eggs for ₹96. Four of them were broken and also
he had a loss of ₹36 on selling them. What is the selling price of one egg?**

Cost price of 24 eggs = ₹ 96

Loss = ₹ 36

Selling price = Cost
price − Loss

= ₹ 96 − ₹ 36

= ₹ 60

Number of eggs broken = 4

Remaining eggs = 24 − 4 = 20

Selling price of 20 eggs = ₹ 60

Selling price of one egg = ₹ 60 ÷ 20 = ₹ 3

**Selling price of one egg = ₹ 3**

** **

**14. Mangai bought a cell phone for ₹12585. It fell down. She spent ₹500 on its repair. She
sold it for ₹7500. Find her profit or loss.**

Cost price = ₹ 12,585

Repairing charge = ₹ 500

Total cost price = ₹ 13,085

Selling price = ₹ 7,500

C.P > S.P

Loss = C.P − S.P

= ₹ 13,085 − 7,500 = ₹ 5,585

**Loss = ₹ 5,585**

** **

__Objective
Type Questions__

**15. Discount is subtracted from _{———} to get S.P. **

(a) M.P.

(b) C.P.

(c) Loss

(d) Profit

*Answer:***a) M.P.**

**16. ‘Overhead expenses’ is always included in _{———}.**

(a) S.P.

(b) C.P.

(c) Profit

(d) Loss

*Answer:***b) C.P.**

**17. There is no profit or loss when**

(a) C.P. = S.P.

(b) C.P > S.P.

(c) C.P < S.P.

(d) M.P. = Discount

*Answer:***a) C.P. = S.P.**

**18. Discount = M.P. ****− .............**

(a) Profit

(b) S.P.

(c) Loss

(d) C.P.

*Answer:***b) S.P.**

__ANSWERS: __

__Exercise 3.1 __

**1. i) Mullai
Furniture mart ii) Serial No: 728 iii) ₹3000 iv) 50 sets v) correct**

**2. **

**3. i) Profit = ₹20
ii) Profit = ₹10 iii) S.P. = ₹140 iv) Loss = ₹10 v) S.P. = ₹145 **

**4. i) S.P. = ₹130
Profit = ₹20**

**ii) S.P. = ₹120
Profit = ₹10**

**iii) S.P. = ₹100
Loss = ₹10 **

**iv) S.P. = ₹90
Discount = ₹30**

**v) S.P. = ₹110 C.P.
= ₹90 **

**5. Profit = ₹15**

**6. Loss = ₹40**

**7. No Profit / Loss**

**8. S.P. = ₹8,75,000**

**9. C.P. = ₹25,000**

**10. Discount = ₹295**

**11. M.P. = ₹1850**

**12. Discount = ₹25**

**13. S.P = ₹3**

**14. Loss = ₹5585**

**Objective Type
Questions**

**15. (a) M.P.**

**16. (b) C.P**

**17. (a) C.P = S.P**

**18. (b) S.P**

Tags : Questions with Answers, Solution | Bill, Profit and Loss | Term 2 Chapter 3 | 6th Maths , 6th Maths : Term 2 Unit 3 : Bill, Profit and Loss

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6th Maths : Term 2 Unit 3 : Bill, Profit and Loss : Exercise 3.1 | Questions with Answers, Solution | Bill, Profit and Loss | Term 2 Chapter 3 | 6th Maths

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