Corticosteroids suppress immune responses and reduce inflammation. They’re available as natural or synthetic steroids.
Natural corticosteroids are hormones produced by the adrenal cortex; most corticosteroids are synthetic forms of these hormones. Natural and synthetic corticosteroids are classified according to their biological activities:
· Glucocorticoids, such as cortisone acetate and dexamethasone,affect carbohydrate and protein metabolism.
· Mineralocorticoids, such as aldosterone and fludrocortisone ac-etate, regulate electrolyte and water balance.