COMPONENTS OF HOME SCIENCE
There are five major components or areas of
specialisation in Home Science.
• Food and Nutrition
• Family Resource Management
• Textile and Clothing
• Human Development
• Communication and Extension
The study of Home Science is so advanced that
each specialization is a vast domain in its own ways with its areas of
specialization and vocation/professional opportunities. Table- 1 emphasises the
branches of Home Science along with spe-cific areas dealt in each branch.
In this course, the chemical composition of
food, the nutrients present in them, their bioavailability, functions of
various nutrients, and loss of nutrients in cooking and processing, techniques
in food safety and food security, nutritional deficiencies in the human body and
its consequences are dealt with in detail.
The management of resources such as time,
money, energy and space are the main topics for study under family and
community resource management. The students gain knowledge about home scale
budget preparation and work simplifica-tion techniques.
Consumer education is also included under this subject in order to
ensure that students become intelligent consumers who are aware of their
duties, responsibilities, rights and privi-leges as consumers in the society.
The stu-dents are provided information regarding food safety, safety against
adulteration, common adulterants, health hazards and Consumer Protection Act.
Major princi-ples and basics of design and arts are also detailed in this area.
Textile science includes all details about
various natural and synthetic fibres. The process involved in construction of
fab-rics, apparel designing and as well as fab-ric finishes are also taught.
Human development deals with the development
of a child from conception to old age and the developmental task pertain-ing to
each stage in life. Physical, motor, emotional, language, cognitive and social
development of human beings are also included in this. Behavioural problems of
children, special or differently abled chil-dren and specific problems and
issues that hinder the development of human beings are also dealt. Geriatrics
is also a part of the study.
Extension education includes the study of
programme planning, preparation of audio visual aids, social work, applied
nutrition and methods of communicating with the society.