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Chapter: Mechanical - Manufacturing Technology - Manufacturing of Plastic Components

Blow Moulding

used to make thermoplastic bottles and hollow sections. Starting material is a round heated solid-bottom hollow tube – perform.


BLOW MOULDING




used to make thermoplastic bottles and hollow sections. Starting material is a round heated solid-bottom hollow tube  perform.

 

Perform inserted into two die halves and air is blown inside to complete the process

 

General steps

 

     Melting the resin- done in extruder

 

     Form the molten resin into a cylinder or tube (this tube is called parison)

 

     The parison is placed inside a mold, and inflated so that the plastic is pushed outward

 

against the cavity wall

 

     The part is allowed to cool in the mold and is then ejected

 

     The part is trimmed

 

The parison can be formed by

 

A)Extrusion process

B)Injection molding process

(A)Extrusion blow molding

–  Parison is formed from by forcing the plastic through an extrusion

 

die.

 

Material enters the die, flow around the mandrel so that extrudate would be cylindrical

 

– The die would have a hole at the center so that air could be blown into the cylinder

 

– In some blow molding operations, the air is introduced from the bottom through an inlet

 

This process can be;

–  continuous extrusion blow molding

 

     During  the  process,  the  extrusion  runs  continuously,  thus  making  a

 

continuous parison.

 

     using multiple mold to match the mold cycle to the extrusion speed

 

–  Intermittent extrusion blow molding

     During  the  process,  the  extruder  is  stopped  during  the  time  that  the

 

molding occur

 

     use either reciprocating screw or an accumulator system

 

     In this system, the output of the extruder is matched by having multiple molds which seal and blow the parison and then move away from extruder to cool and eject

 

     In practical case, the mold cycle is longer than time required to extrude a new parison

 

     If the mold cycle is twice than time needed for creating a parison, a two mold system can be used

 

     The method is sometimes called rising mold system - system of which two or more molds are used to mold parts from one extruder during continuous process

 

b)Injection Blow Molding

 

     The parison is formed by the injection of molten resin into a mold cavity and around a core pin

 

     The parison is not a finished product, but it is subjected to subsequent step to form the final shape

 

     Second step, blowing of the intermediate part in a second mold

 

     Because of distinct separation of the two steps, the parison made by injection molding is called a perform

 

Process

 

     The mold is closed

 

     Resin is then injected to form a cylindrical part

 

     The mold is opened and perform is ejected

The perform can be stored until the finished blow molded is needed.

 

The flexibility of separating the two cycles has proven useful in manufacture of soda pop bottle.

Comparison of extrusion and injection blow molding


 

 

Study Material, Lecturing Notes, Assignment, Reference, Wiki description explanation, brief detail


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