These are basically
curved surfaces (concave), which are used in auditoria and halls to improve the
quality of sound. This board is placed such that the speaker is at the focus of
the concave surface. The sound of the speaker is reflected towards the audience
thus improving the quality of sound heard by the audience.
Ear trumpet is a hearing
aid, which is useful by people who have difficulty in hearing. In this device,
one end is wide and the other end is narrow. The sound from the sources fall
into the wide end and are reflected by its walls into the narrow part of the
device. This helps in concentrating the sound and the sound enters the ear drum
with more intensity. This enables a person to hear the sound better.
megaphone is a horn-shaped
device used to address a small gathering of people. Its one end is wide and the
other end is narrow. When a person speaks at the narrow end, the sound of his
speech is concentrated by the multiple reflections from the walls of the tube.
Thus, his voice can be heard loudly over a long distance.