Antilipemic drugs are used to lower abnormally high blood levelsof lipids, such as cholesterol, triglycerides, and phospholipids. The risk of developing CAD increases when serum lipid levels are elevated. Drugs are used in combination with lifestyle changes (such as proper diet, weight loss, and exercise) and treatment of an underlying disorder causing the lipid abnormality to help lower lipid levels.
The classes of antilipemic drugs include:
· bile-sequestering drugs
· fibric acid derivatives
· 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors
· nicotinic acid
· cholesterol absorption inhibitors.