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# Accuracy in Measurements

We have seen that measurement is the base of all experiments in science and technology. The value of every measurement contains some uncertainty.

Accuracy in Measurements

We have seen that measurement is the base of all experiments in science and technology. The value of every measurement contains some uncertainty. These uncertainties are called as ‘errors’. Error is defined as the difference between the real value and the observed value.

While taking measurements, errors should be minimum and the measured values should be precise and accurate. Both precision and accuracy may seen to be same. But, they are not similar.

Look at the arrows shot by three persons (Fig. 1. 13) . In the first image all the arrows are hit at the centre. In the second image, all the arrows are hit at the same place but not at the centre. It shows that first person is precise and accurate. The second person is precious but not accurate. But, the third person is neither precise nor accurate.

Accuracy is the closeness of a measured value to the actual value ortrue value. Precision is the closeness of two or more measurementsto each other. While making measurements, accuracy is always desired. The measured value should be close to the true value.

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