ADC Interfacing with 8085
ADC0809 is an 8-bit successive approximation type ADC with inbuilt 8-channel
ADC0809 is suitable for interface with 8086 microprocessor.
ADC0809 is available as a 28 pin IC in DIP (Dual Inline Package).
ADC0809 has a total unadjusted error of ±1 LSD (Least Significant Digit).
ADC0808 is also same as ADC0809 except the error. The total unadjusted error in
ADC0808 is ± 1/2 LSD.
2 Block Diagram of ADC 0809
The successive approximation register (SAR) performs eight iterations to
determine the digital code for input value. The SAR is reset on the positive
edge of START pulse and start the conversion process on the falling edge of
START pulse. A conversion process will be interrupted on receipt of new START
pulse. The End-Of-Conversion (EOC) will go low between 0 and 8 clock pulses
after the positive edge of START pulse. The ADC can be used in continuous
conversion mode by tying the EOC output to START input. In this mode an
external START pulse should be applied whenever power is switched ON. The 256R
ladder network has been provided instead of conventional R/2R ladder because of
its inherent monotonic, which guarantees no missing digital codes. Also the
256R resistor network does not cause load variations on the reference voltage.
comparator in ADC0809/ADC0808 is a chopper- stabilized comparator. It converts
the DC input signal into an AC signal, and amplifies the AC sign using high
gain AC amplifier. Then it converts AC signal to DC signal. This technique
limits the drift component of the amplifier, because the drift is a DC
component and it is not amplified/passed by the AC amp1ifier. This makes the
ADC extremely insensitive to temperature, long term drift and input offset
errors. In ADC conversion process the input analog value is quantized and each
quantized analog value will have a unique binary equivalent. The quantization
step in ADC0809/ADC0808 is given by,