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Chapter: Linear Integrated Ciruits - Spical ICs

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The 555 Timer IC and its Pin Configuration

The 555 Timer IC and its Pin Configuration
The 555 is a monolithic timing circuit that can produce accurate & highly stable time delays or oscillation.

THE 555 TIMER IC

 

 

The 555 is a monolithic timing circuit that can produce accurate & highly stable time delays or oscillation. The timer basically operates in one of two modes: either

 

(i)       Monostable (one - shot) multivibrator or

 

(ii)    Astable (free running) multivibrator

 

The important features of the 555 timer are these:

 

(i)       It operates on +5v to +18 v supply voltages

 

(ii)    It has an adjustable duty cycle

 

(iii)  Timing is from microseconds to hours

 

(iv)  It has a current o/p

 

 

PIN CONFIGURATION OF 555 TIMER:

 


 

Pin description: Pin 1: Ground:

 

All voltages are measured with respect to this terminal.

 

Pin 2: Trigger:

 

The o/p of the timer depends on the amplitude of the external trigger pulse applied to this pin.

 

 

Pin 3: Output:

 

There are 2 ways a load can be connected to the o/p terminal either between pin3 & ground or between pin 3 & supply voltage

 

i. When the input is low:

 

The load current flows through the load connected between Pin 3 & +Vcc in to the output terminal & is called the sink current.

 

(ii)     When the output is high:

 

The current through the load connected between Pin 3 & +Vcc (i.e. ON load) is zero. However the output terminal supplies current to the normally OFF load. This current is called the source current.

 

Pin 4: Reset:

 

The 555 timer can be reset (disabled) by applying a negative pulse to this pin. When the reset function is not in use, the reset terminal should be connected to +Vcc to avoid any false triggering.

 

Pin 5: Control voltage:

 

An external voltage applied to this terminal changes the threshold as well as trigger voltage. In other words by connecting a potentiometer between this pin & GND, the pulse width of the output waveform can be varied. When not used, the control pin should be bypassed to ground with 0.01 capacitor to prevent any noise problems.

 

Pin 6: Threshold:

 

This is the non inverting input terminal of upper comparator which monitors the voltage across the external capacitor.

 

Pin 7: Discharge:

 

This pin is connected internally to the collector of transistor Q1.

 

When the output is high Q1 is OFF.

 

When the output is low Q is (saturated) ON.

 

Pin 8: +Vcc: The supply voltage of +5V to +18V is applied to this pin with respect to ground.

 

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