Stitching tools are the tools which enhance the sewing action by hand and machine. The common stitching tools are needle, thread, thimble, needle threader, bodkin and loop turner (Figure 6.5).
Needles are thin, long metal stick like structures. It has a sharp edge on one end and hole called eye on the other end. The thread used for sewing is passed through the eye.
Needles used for hand sewing or embroidery is called hand needle. Needle which is used in the machine is called machine needle. Size and number of the needle should be based on the type of fabric.
There are different types of nee-dles. Long needles are used for darning. Ordinary needle are used for stitching nor-mal stitches and for tacking. Embroidery needle have a long and oval hole. The points may be sharp or blunt depending upon the stitch. The needles should be stored carefully in a rust proof paper to prevent from rust.
Thread used for sewing is long smooth yarn wound on spool or reel. The selec-tion of threads varies based upon the colour, thickness and type of fabric. The sewing threads are usually made of cotton or nylon. Silk threads are also available.
Thimble is a small tumbler shaped tool. It is made up of plastic or metal. It is used to protect the finger from being pricked by the needle when sewing. It is used in the middle finger.
Needle threader is a small metal which has a small flexible loop through which thread is passed through. The loop is then passed through the eye of the needle to thread the needle. It is very useful for elderly people.
Bodkin is a variation of needle with a large eye on one side and blunt edge on the other side. It is used to insert or pull cords, tapes or ribbons through casings
Example : To insert cord in sari petticoat.
Loop turner is a long metal with a hook at one end and a circle at the other end. It is used to turn bias tubing to the right side
Example : Fabric loops.