“Tell him too much money has killed men and left them dead years before burial:”
These are the lines you have just read from the poem.
Given below is a well-known quotation.
“Cowards die many times before their death”.
Study the quotations and identify the adverse human qualities that are worse than ‘death’ and discuss the underlying message conveyed.
Few adverse human qualities
• Close minded
He teaches him to think before he acts, restrain from taking rash decisions, keep his thoughts to himself and treat people with respect and equality. He advises him to keep his old friends, however be careful about making new acquaintances. He should be slow to fight but fight boldly if the need arises; he should listen more than talk; he should dress richly. Moreover he should be careful about borrowing and lending money and above all be true to himself. He advises him how to behave with integrity and practicality. While all the advice is good, the best doesn’t come until the end- “To thine own self be true.” Be a man of honour and integrity. Live life in a way that allows you to look at yourself in the mirror and not be ashamed.
William Shakespeare’s words speak across generations and cultures.
In the play Hamlet, Polonius gives a bit of fatherly advice to his son Laertes before he heads off to France.
When Polonius came to bid his son goodbye
Yet here, Laertes! aboard, aboard, for shame!
The wind sits in the shoulder of your sail,
And you are stay’d for. There; my blessing with thee!
And these few precepts in thy memory
See thou character. Give thy thoughts no tongue,
Nor any unproportioned thought his act.
Be thou familiar, but by no means vulgar.
Those friends thou hast, and their adoption tried,
Grapple them to thy soul with hoops of steel;
But do not dull thy palm with entertainment
Of each new-hatch’d, unfledged comrade. Beware
Of entrance to a quarrel, but being in,
Bear’t that the opposed may beware of thee.
Give every man thy ear, but few thy voice;
Take each man’s censure, but reserve thy judgment.
Costly thy habit as thy purse can buy,
But not express’d in fancy; rich, not gaudy;
For the apparel oft proclaims the man,
And they in France of the best rank and station
Are of a most select and generous chief in that.
Neither a borrower nor a lender be;
For loan oft loses both itself and friend,
And borrowing dulls the edge of husbandry.
This above all: to thine ownself be true,
And it must follow, as the night the day,
Thou canst not then be false to any man.
Farewell: my blessing season this in thee!