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Chapter: 11th 12th std standard History autobiography life Higher secondary school College Notes

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Self-Respect Movement and Periyar E.V.R.

Periyar E.V. Ramaswamy was a great social reformer. In 1921, during the anti-liquor campaign he cut down 1000 coconut trees in his own farm. In 1924, he took an active part in the Vaikam Satyagraha.

Self-Respect Movement and Periyar E.V.R.

 

Periyar E.V. Ramaswamy was a great social reformer. In 1921, during the anti-liquor campaign he cut down 1000 coconut trees in his own farm. In 1924, he took an active part in the Vaikam Satyagraha. The objective of the Satyagraha was to secure for untouchables the right to use a road near a temple at Vaikom in Kerala. E.V.R. opposed the Varnashrama policy followed in the V.V.S. Iyer's Seranmadevi Gurugulam. During 1920-1925 being in the Congrees Party he stressed that Congress should accept communal representation.

 

Subsequently in 1925, he started the 'Self-Respect Movement'. The aims  of the        'Self -Respect Movement'       were  to      uplift the Dravidians and to expose  the  Brahminical          tyrany         and deceptive methods by       which they  controlled all spheres of Hindu life. He denounced the caste system, child marriage and enforced widowhood. He encouraged inter-caste marriages. He himself conducted many marriages without any rituals. Such a marriage was known as 'Self-Respect  Marriage.' He   gave secular names to  new born babies.

He attacked the    laws of Manu, which he called the basis of the entire Hindu social fabric of caste. He founded the Tamil journals Kudiarasu, Puratchi and Viduthalai to propagate his ideals.

 

In 1938 at Tamil Nadu Women's Conference appreciatin the noble service rendered by E.V.R. he was given the title 'Periyar'. On 27th June 1970 by the UNESCO organisation praised and adorned with the title 'Socrates of South Asia'.

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