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Chapter: Mechanical - Design of Transmission Systems - Design of Transmission Systems for Flexible Elements

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Selection of Flat belts and pulleys

Flat Belts are one type of flexible connectors for transmitting power from one pulley to another pulley. Whose center distance is approx. 5-15m

Selection of Flat belts and pulleys

 

INTRTODUCTION

 

Flat Belts are one type of flexible connectors for transmitting power from one pulley to another pulley. Whose center distance is approx. 5-15m

 

CHARACTERISTICS OF BELT:

 


 

TYPES OF FLAT BELT DRIVES:

 

1.     Open belt drive

2.     Cross belt drive

3.     Quarter turn drive

 

4.     Belt drive with idler pulley

 

5.     Belt drive with many pulleys

 

DESIGN OF FLAT BELTS

 

1.     Using fundamental formula

 

2.     Using Manufactures catalogues

 

FUNDAMENTAL FORMULA:

 

3.        Ratio of driving tensions=


 

4.        Power Transmitted by belt


 

MANUFACTURES CATALOGUES

 

1.     How much power to be transmitted

 

2.     What may be the power transmitting capacity

 

For determining the design power and belt rating, we must consider certain factors like service, arc of contactand so on.

 

i. Arc of contact


 

ii. Load rating

                  

The load ratings have been developed for  180° of arc of contact 10m/s belt speed per mm width.

 

iii.       Length of belt                                                                      

 

           Open belt drive   Cross belt drive

 

iv.              Belt tensions

 

 

1.     Belt of 3 plies – 1.5% of L

 

2.     Belt of 4,5,6 plies – 1% of L

 

3.     Belt of 8 plies – 0.5% of L

 

 

v.                 Pulley width

 

Generally the pulleys should be slightly wider than belt width.

 

 

POWER TRANSMISSION

 

 

Belts are the cheapest utility for power transmission between shafts that may not be axially aligned. Power transmission is achieved by specially designed belts and pulleys. The demands on a belt drive transmission system are large and this has led to many variations on the theme. They run smoothly and with little noise, and cushion motor and bearings against load changes, albeit with less strength than gears or chains. However, improvements in belt engineering allow use of belts in systems that only formerly allowed chains or gears. Power transmitted between a belt and a pulley is expressed as the product of difference of tension and belt velocity

 

P = (T1- T2) v

 

where, T1 and T2 are tensions in the tight side and slack side of the belt respectively. They are

 

related as:


 

DESIGN PROCEDURE

 

1.     From the given conditions like power, type of working conditions, diameters of pulleys, speed ratio etc, determine maximum power

 

Desin power = rated power x service factor x arc of contact factor

 

Select service factor based on  nature of load and applications from PSG data book

 

2.     Decide the type of belt

 

3.     Then calculate the belt rating

 

4.     Find the reqired width by design power by belt capacity and adopt the standard available

 

5.     Determine the length of belt based on type of drive and reduce certain amount length

 

6.     Find out the pulley dimension and draw the arrangement of belt drive.

 

 

 


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