Jim Corbett, A Hunter Turned Naturalist
A. Fill in the blanks.
1. Jim Corbett died on 19th April 1955.
2. Corbett shot wild animals in his cine film camera.
3. The Champawat Tiger was the first man eater shot by Corbett
4. Corbett shot the tigress dead, near the Chataar Bridge.
B. Read the following passage and answer the questions given below.
Jim Corbett played a key role in establishing, India's first national park in the Kumon Hills, the Hailey National Park, in Uttarakhand, India. It was initially named after, Lord Malcolm Hailey. Jim Corbett died on 19 April 1955. The park was renamed in 1957 as, The Jim Corbett National Park. It was named after him to honour his role in establishing this protected area in 1930s.
1. Who played a key role in establishing the national park?
Answer: Jim Corbett played a key role in establishing India's first National Park in the Kumaon Hills.
2.Why was the park named Hailey National Park?
Answer: The park was named ‘Hailey National Park’ to honour the Governor of United Provinces 'Lord Malcolm Hailey'.
3. When was it renamed as Jim Corbett National Park?
Answer: The park was renamed in 1957 as the Jim Corbett National Park to honour his role in establishing the protected area in 1930s.
C. Answer the following in one or two words.
4. What was the birth name of Jim Corbett?
Answer: The birth name of Jim Corbett was Edward James Corbett.
5. What was the name of Corbett’s dog?
Answer: The name of Jim Corbett's dog was Robin.
6. How many kills did the Champawat Tiger recorded?
Answer: The Champawat Tiger recorded 436 deaths in Nepal and the Kumaon area of India. Her attacks have been listed in the Guinness Book of World Records as the highest number of death from a tiger.
7. Who was the last kill of the Champawat Tiger?
Answer: The last person to be killed by the Champawat Tiger was a 16-year-old girl in a village near Champawat.
8. When did Jim Corbett die?
Answer: Jim Corbett died on 19th April 1955.
D. Answer the following in 100 words.
9. According to Corbett, why a tiger turns into a man eater?
Answer: According to Corbett's theory, a tiger starts eating humans, when they grow old or got hurt. As they cannot run fast, they start killing humans. People cannot run as fast as animals. So they become easy prey. After eating human flesh once, a tiger will not eat any other flesh. These tigers are called man-eaters. Jim Corbett's first man-eating tiger hunt was the Champawat Tiger. It was a Bengal tigress. It was responsible for nearly 436 deaths in Nepal and the Kumaon area of India.
10. How was the Champawat Tiger killed?
Answer: Jim Corbett camped in the Kumaon District and started tracking the tigress. He moved around the villages and limited the activities of the man-eater. After several unsuccessful attempts, Corbett managed to kill the tiger. When a 16-year-old girl was killed by the tigress, it left a trail of blood, which was followed by Jim. After a whole day of search, Jim, decided to organise a bait, the next day. With the help of the Thasildar of Champawat, the bait was organised with about 300 villagers. The next day, Corbett shot the tigress dead, near the Chataar Bridge in Champawat.
11. What were the findings of the postmortem?
Answer: A postmortem was done on the Bengal Tigress. It showed that the upper and lower canine teeth on the right side of her mouth were broken. The upper one was broken in half and the lower one broke right down to the bone. This injury was a result of an old gunshot from the game hunter who failed to track and kill it. According to Jim Corbett, this injury prevented her from hunting her natural prey and so she started to hunt humans.