Protein Energy Malnutrition (PEM)
Protein is essential for growth and repair of body cells and tissues. Deficiency of proteins leads to weakness but its severe conditions causes diseases like:
It is a condition of severe protein de ciency. It a ects children between 1- 5 years of age, whose diet mainly consists of carbohydrates but poor in proteins.
It usually a ects infants below the age of one year when the diet is poor in carbohydrates, fats and proteins. Look at the pictures of these children in picture 1 and 3. What differences can you observe in terms of growth, weight and appearance when compared to healthy children in picture 2?
Recommended nutritional requirements for a child