Origin of RBI(Reserve Bank Of India)
The Imperial Bank of India carried out the note issue and other functions of the central bank. In 1926 the Hilton-Young Commission or the Royal Commission on Indian Currency and Finance (J. M. Keynes and Sir Ernest Cable were its members) made recommendation to create a central bank. As a result, the RBI Act 1934 was passed and RBI launched in operations from April 1, 1935. RBI was established with a share capital of Rs. 5 crores divided into shares of Rs. 100 each fully paid up. The entire share capital was owned by private shareholders. Its head office was in Calcutta and moved to Mumbai in 1937.
After independence, the Government of India passed Reserve Bank (Transfer to Public Ownership) Act, 1948 and took over RBI after paying appropriate compensation to the private shareholders. From January 1, 1949, RBI started functioning as a government owned central bank of India. It had three departments. The RBI was the central bank of Burma until 1947, and the central bank of Pakistan until June 1948.