For all important surveys, the datum selected is the mean sea level at a certain place.

**MEAN SEA
LEVEL AND ITS USED AS DATUM**

For all important surveys, the datum selected is
the mean sea level at a certain place. The mean sea level may be defined as the
mean level of the sea, obtained by taking the mean of all the height of the
tide, as measured at hourly intervals over some stated period covering a whole
number of complete tides, The mean sea level, defined above shows appreciable
variations from day to day, from month to month and from year to year. Hence
the period for which observations should be taken depends upon the purpose for
which levels are required. The daily changes in the level of sea may be more.
The monthly changes are more or less periodic. The mean sea level in particular
month may be low while it may be high in some other moths. Mean sea level may
also show appreciable variations in its annual values. Due to variations in the
annual values and due to greater accuracy needed in modern geodetic

levelling, it is essential to base the mean sea level on
observations extending over a period of about 19 years. During this period, the
moon's
nodes
complete one entire revolution. The

height of mean sea level so determined is referred to the
datum of tide gauge at which the observations are taken. The point or place at
which these observations are taken is known as a tidal station. If the
observations are taken on two stations, situated say at a distance of 200 to
500 kms on an open coast, one of the station is called primary tidal station
while the other is called secondary tidal station. Both the stations may then
be connected by a line of levels.

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Civil Surveying : Advanced Topics in Surveying : Mean Sea Level And Its Used As Datum |

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