Jayakar committee recommendations
The first World war period and
that immediately following it found a rapid growth in motor transport. So need
for better roads became a necessity. For that, the Government of India
appointed a committee called Road development Committee with Mr.M.R. Jayakar as
the chairman. This committee came to be known as Jayakar committee
In 1927 Jayakar committee for
Indian road development was appointed. The major recommendations and the
resulting implementations were:
found that the road development of the country has become beyond the capacity
of local governments and suggested that Central government should take the
proper charge considering it as a matter of national interest.
They gave more stress on long term planning
programme, for a period of 20 years (hence called twenty year plan) that is to
formulate plans and implement those plans with in the next 20 years.
One of the recommendations was the holding of
periodic road conferences to discuss about road construction and development.
This paved the way for the establishment of a semi-official technical body
called Indian Road Congress (IRC) in 1934
The committee suggested imposition of additional
taxation on motor transport which includes duty on motor spirit, vehicle
taxation, license fees for vehicles plying for hire. This led to the
introduction of a development fund called Central road fund in 1929. This fund
was intended for road development.
A dedicated research organization should be
constituted to carry out research and development work. This resulted in the
formation of Central Road Research Institute (CRRI) in 1950.