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Chapter: Civil - Municipal Solid Waste Management - Sources and Types of Municipal Solid Wastes

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Important Questions and Answer - Sources and Types of Municipal Solid Wastes

Civil - Municipal Solid Waste Management - Sources and Types of Municipal Solid Wastes


SOURCES AND TYPES OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTES

 

 

 

1.  Write short notes on solid waste.

 

Solid waste refers to non-soluble material such as agricultural refuse, industrial waste, mining residues, demolition waste, municipal garbage or even sewage sludge. Most of these kind of wastes cannot be recycled or rehabilitated for further use.

 

2.              What are the sources of solid waste?

 

i.                                        Residential, Commercial, Institutional

 

ii.                                      Industrial

 

iii.                                   Agricultural

 

iv.                                    Hazardous waste

 

3.              What is solid waste management?

 

Solid waste management is the entire process involved in the recycling process. Solid waste management starts with the trucks picking up recyclables, delivering them to the recycling.

4. What is municipal solid waste?

 

Municipal solid waste is the solid waste, or garbage, collected from the residents of a city. It is composed of mostly paper, plastic, food scraps and other household wastes.

 

5. What are the types of solid wastes?

 

Solid waste can be classified into different types depending on their source:

 

i.                                         Household waste is generally classified as municipal waste

 

ii.                                      Industrial waste as hazardous waste

 

iii.                                    Biomedical waste or hospital waste as infectious waste 6. Define toxic waste.

 

Old medicines, paints, chemicals, bulbs, spray cans, fertilizer and pesticide containers, batteries, shoe polish.

 

7.              Differentiate between a) Hazardous and b) Non-hazardous

 

a)                      Substance that is ignitable, corrosive, reactive, infectious or explosive

 

b)                      Easily decomposable/ biodegradable solid waste

 

It deals with arrangement of architecture of rocks. It also includes the factors like folds, faults and joints.

 

8. Define Legislation

 

Legislation is the process or act of making law or a set of laws by the legislation body or governing body in a country.

 

9. What are the impacts of solid waste on health?

 

The group at risk from the unscientific disposal of solid waste includes - the population in areas where there is no proper waste disposal method, especially the pre-school children, waste workers, and workers in facilities producing toxic and infectious material. Other high-risk group includes population living close to a waste dump and those, whose water supply has become contaminated either due to waste dumping or leakage from landfill sites. Uncollected solid waste also increases risk of injury, and infection.

 

10. What is meant by domestic wastes?

 

Domestic wastes means any solid waste derived from households including single and multiple residences, hotels and motels, bunkhouses, ranger stations, crew quarters, campgrounds, picnic grounds and day use recreation areas.

 

11. What is meant by farming wastes?

 

Farming wastes means the wastes from the customary and generally accepted activities, practices, and procedures that farmers adopt, use or engage in during the production and preparation for market of poultry, livestock and associated farm products and in the production and harvesting of agricultural crops which include agronomic, horticultural and silvicultural crops and wastes resulting from aquaculture activities. However, the term does not include special wastes such as waste oils or other lubricants, unused fertilizers or pesticide containers or residues.

 

12. What is meant by industrial wastes?

 

An industrial waste means solid waste produced in or generated by industrial or manufacturing processes. The term does not include commercial, domestic, mining or hazardous waste regulated under subtitle C or RCRA or oil and gas waste.

 

13. What is meant by institutional wastes?

 

Institutional wastes means all the solid waste which are not special wastes, emanating from institutions such as but not limited to hospitals, health care facilities, nursing homes, laboratories, orphanages, correctional institutions, schools and universities.

 

14. What is meant by medical wastes?

 

A medical waste means the solid wastes generated by hospitalized patients who are isolated to protect others from communicable diseases.


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