projects have been formulated, it is the job of the planner to appraise the
project. That is, decide if the project should be:
for funding; or
further work is required of a minor nature that can be completed quickly and
then be considered for funding; or
project requires further work and should be considered for funding in a future
the complex nature of the project, feasibility needs to be undertake; or That
the project should be rejected.
donor funded projects involve a feasibility study, usually undertaken by
external technical assistance, to provide sufficient information to make a
funding decision. Any Project that is appraised as needing a feasibility study
should then be modified and included in the approved list of projects cearly
tiled as a feasibility study.
are appraised under 3 headings: Relevance, Feasibility and Sustainability.
Using the information supplied in the project profile from, the
Framework Approach is used to assess the quality of the project proposal,
assess the gaps in information supplied in the project profile, and decide
which Appraisal Outcome should be assigned to the project, including if a
feasibility study is needle. Ideally, issues of relevance, feasibility and
sustainability were already addressed during project identification and
formulation. However, many project proposals will not contain sufficient
the appraisal involves:
the proposal into a logframe format to assess the Relevance, Feasibility and
Sustainability of the project, or
the Relevance, Feasibility and Sustainability of a Log frame where one has
already been prepared (for example, with a donor sponsored project).
Logframe will assist to determine:
adequacy of the target group description and problem analysis.
between stakeholders, identified problems, and the proposed project
Completeness and coherence of project objectives, and the adequacy of
extent to which mechanisms to build sustainability have been incorporated into
the project's design.
adequacy of the proposed monitoring system.
output of this analysis is a set of questions concerning the project's Relevance,
Feasibility and Sustainability. If the project is large or complex and many
questions remain, then these question could be incorporated into the Terms of
Reference for a Feasibility Study.
with the policy and programming framework;
the institutional capacity of the project sponsor to implement
key problems of the sector or stakeholders, and takes account of key
crosscutting issues such as gender and the environment);
or is consistent with other ongoing and planned projects, programmes or
adopted by the project is realistic and within government policy (e.g. does not
conflict with a private sector driven growth strategy)
of objectives' make sense and are logical (Project Objective, purpose, results
estimates are sound
made by the project are justified (the planner may have to identify these
underlying assumptions during appraisal)
implementing agency has the management, coordination and financing arrangements
to implement the project (including availability of complementary recurrent
funds if required);
adequate ownership of the project by project beneficiaries
will remain supportive after the project has ended.
concerns have been addressed.
implementing agency is able to provide follow-up once the project has ended.
financial or economic analysis is reliable (e.g. a cost benefit analysis)
judgment must be applied in determining whether or not all appraisal criteria
are relevant /applicable to the particular project or progrramme in question.