Executive | India Political Science - Glossary | 12th Political Science : Chapter 3 : Executive

Chapter: 12th Political Science : Chapter 3 : Executive


India Political Science : Executive

Glossary - Executive (India Political Science)

English West Minister Model : parliamentary system of government developed in the UK representing a series of procedures for operating a legislature.

Mandate : authority to act in a certain way.

Unity : the state of being united or joined as a whole.

Integrity : the state of being undivided and whole.

Solidarity : unity or mutual support within a group or a nation.


Nomination : propose or formally enter as a candidate for election or for an honour or for an award.


Ballot paper : a slip of paper used to register a vote.


Oath : a solemn promise, often invoking a divine witness, regarding one’s future action or behaviour.


Deemed : regarded or considered in a specific way.


Emolument : a salary, fee or profit from employment or office.


Impeachment : a charge of misconduct made against the holder of a public office.


Resolution : a formal expression of opinion or intension agreed on by a legislative body or other formal meeting, typically after taking a vote.

Tenure : the period for which an office is held.


Void : not valid or legally binding.


Invoking : give rise to.


Summoning : order someone to be present.


Proroguing : discontinue a session of a parliament or other legislative assembly without dissolving it.


Veto : a constitutional right to reject a decision or a proposal made by a lawmaking body.


Suspensive : relating to the suspension of an event, action or legal obligation.


Promulgating : put a law or decree into effect by official proclamation.


Ordinance: an authoritative order.


Abrogation : the repeal or abolition of a law, right or agreement.

Contingency : an incidental expense.


Ex -officio : by virtue of one’s position or status.

Preside : be in the position of authority in a meeting or other gathering.


Coalition : a temporary alliance for combined action, especially of political parties forming a government.


Discretionary : the freedom to decide what should be done in a particular situation.


Portfolio : the position and duties of a Minister or Secretary of State.


Bifurcate : divide into two branches or forks.


Trifurcate : divide into three branches or forks.


Amalgamate : combine or unite to form one organization or structure.


Spokesperson : a person who makes statements on behalf of a group or individual.

Realm : a kingdom or a sovereign state.

Unanimous : fully in agreement.


Crisis : time of intense difficulty or danger.


Proclaim : announce officially or publicly.


Dissolution : the action of formally ending or dismissing an assembly, partnership or official body.


Adjourning : break off with the intention of resuming it later.


Lieutenant : a deputy or substitute acting for a superior.


Assent : the expression of approval or agreement.


Aggression : the action of attacking without provocation.


Rebellion : an act of armed resistance to an established government or leader.


Prominent : important

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