FIGHTERS OF TAMIL NADU
Childern will be able to:
* know the freedom fighters of Tamil Nadu
* understand their contribution in freedom movement.
A little girl dressed up as Bharathiyar comes to her mother with a
certificate in her hand.
Meena : Mom, I am so happy. I won the first prize in the fancy dress competition
Mother : Very good. I
am proud of you, Meena.
Meena : Thank you!
Mother : How was the
Independence Day celebrated in your school?
Independence Day is
celebrated on 15th August, every
year in India. It is to commemorate the nation's independence from the British
rule on 15th August 1947.
Meena : It went very
well. My teachers appreciated me for my speech as Bharathiyar.
Mother : Well done. I
missed your performance as Bharathiyar.
Meena : Don‛t worry.
I will enact again.
Mother : Sure.
When do we
celebrate our Republic Day?
Meena : I am Subramaniya
Bharathi. I am a poet and a freedom fighter of Tamil Nadu.
I was born in a village called Ettayapuram in Tirunelveli District. I started writing
poems at the age of seven. My poems are patriotic and it is all about gender
equality and women empowerment. I worked as a teacher. Then I became the
Assistant editor of the Swadesamitran newspaper in 1904. I also met Mahatma Gandhi
in 1919. I worked with many Tamil leaders like V.O. Chidambaram and Subramanya Siva.
My poems Vande
Matharam, Acham Illai, Enthaiyum
Thaayum and Jaya
Bharatham motivated people to join the freedom struggle
movement. Thank you!
Mother : Excellent, Meena. You spoke very well. Bharathi was indeed a great freedom
fighter and one can‛t forget his contribution for the freedom struggle.
Meena : True. I also learnt about other
freedom fighters of Tamil Nadu today.
Mother : Oh, is it?
Tell me what you learnt.
The title Bharati, a name of the Goddess of
Knowledge, was conferred upon him at the age of eleven by the court of
Ettayapuram for his ability to compose poems on any subject, at any moment.
Let us colour.
Colour our National Flag.
Meena : One of my friends dressed up as V. O.
Mother : V. O.
Chidambaram was also called Kappalottiya Tamilan.
Meena : Yes. He was
born in Tuticorin.
He was a lawyer and was also a good orator. He took part in the Indian
Mother : Meena, did you know that V.O.
Chidambaram started the first Indian shipping company. It was called
Swadeshi Shipping Company.
Meena : Yes, mom. V.O. Chidambaram gained popularity.
Many people started to follow him which worried the British people. Hence, the
British sent V.O.
Chidambaram to jail.
LET US KNOW
Ulaganathan Chidambaram known as V.O.
Chidambaram started the Swadeshi
Steam Shipping between Tuticorin and
Colombo against British ships.
Mother : You are
right. Though he was in the jail, he continued to fight for India‛s
Independence. His patriotism inspires many people even today.
Meena : Yes, mom.
Then, I learnt about Chempakaraman . He was born
Mother : Yes. During his school days, he met a British biologist, SirWalter
Strickland, who took him to Austria.
Chempakaraman completed his schooling in Austria.
Meena : Though he grew up in a foreign
land, he was still very patriotic.
Mother : That‛s
right. Champakaraman established an organization called International Pro India Committee at Zurich
before the outbreak of the World War I. During the war, Champakaraman
intensified his revolutionary ideologies. He also joined the Indian Independence Committee in Berlin.
Meena : My teacher told that he coined the
slogan ‘Jai Hind‛ which is used till today.
Mother : Yes.
Let us write
Name the freedom fighters of Tamil Nadu.
1. Velu Nachiyar 2. Veerapandiya Kattabomman 3. Subramania Bharati 4. Vanchinathan 5. Tiruppur Kumaran 6. V.O. Chidambaram Pillai 7. Dheeran Chinnamalai 8. Subramaniya Siva 9. Maruthu Pandiyar 10. Puli Thevar
Meena : Then, I
learnt about Subramania Siva.
Mother : He was a freedom fighter and a creative writer.
Meena : Yes, mom. He
was born in Dindigul and
was very passionate about Tamil.
Mother : Subramania Siva started a
monthly newspaper called Gnanabanu. He wrote many books namely Ramanuja
Vijayam, Sankara Vijayam and so on.
Meena : He inspired
many young people to join the freedom movement. This angered the British and
they sent him to jail.
Mother : Even though
he was in the jail, he continued his work for the freedom movement.
Meena : Oh! Really?
LET US KNOW
Subramania Siva closely worked with V.O. Chidambaram and Subramanya Bharathy in freedom movement. The collector office of
Dindugal district is named as Thiagi
Subramania Siva Maaligai.
Mother : Did you
learn about Tiruppur
Meena : Of course.
He was born in Tiruppur. During his young age, he actively involved himself in
the freedom movement.
Mother : Yes, Meena. He started Desa Bandhu
Youth Association. It inspired many young people of Tamil Nadu to
take part in the freedom struggle.
Meena : During the protest against the
British, he died holding the National flag of India. So, he is
Mother : You are right.
Meena : I am very much
inspired after knowing all these freedom fighters of Tamil Nadu.
Mother : Yes. Their
patriotism towards India and the contribution to Independence can never be
Meena : They inspire
and motivate us to be better citizens and serve our country.
Mother : You are
LET US KNOW
Lakshmi Sahgal was a
revolutionary of the Indian independence movement. She was an officer of the Indian National Army. She is commonly
called Captain Lakshmi.
Commemorate : Celebrate
Contribution : Join or take
Patriotism : Love and respect towards one's country
* Many freedom fighters from Tamil Nadu made their
contributions to India's freedom.
* Subramaniya Bharathi was a poet and a freedom
fighter of TamilNadu.
* V. O. Chidambaram is also called Kappalottiya
* Chempakaraman coined the slogan ‘Jai Hind’.
* Tiruppur Kumaran is also called Kodikaththa