I. Choose the correct answer
1. The oldest type of tourism is _________________
Answer: a) Religious
2. In which state is the Kaziranga national park located.
b) West Bengal
Answer: c) Assam
3. Which one of the following is not a beach of India?
Answer: d) Miami
4. Which of the following is not a bird sanctuary in India?
a) Nal sarovor in Gujarat
b) Koonthakulam in Tamil Nadu
c) Bharatpur in Rajasthan
d) Kanha in Madhya Pradesh
Answer: d) Kanha in Madhya Pradesh
5. In which district courtallam waterfalls is located?
Answer: d) Tenkasi
II. Fill in the blanks
1. The three main components of tourism together known as A3 concept.
2. Gastronomy refers to an aspect of cultural tourism.
3. Suruli falls is also called as Cloud Land falls (or) Meghamalai falls.
4. The second largest urban beach is Marina Beach in Chennai.
5. Expansion of TAAI Travel Agents Association of India.
III. Circle the Odd one
1. Transport, Attraction, Accommodation, Amenities
2. Nainital, Shillong, Munnar, Digha
3. Corbett, Sunbarbans, periyar, Mayani
4. Hogenakal, Kumbakkari, Suruli, Kalakad
5. Rishikesh, ladakh, Gulmarg, Kotagiri
IV. Match the following
1. Anamalai hills - West Bengal
2. Monkey falls - Goa
3. Darjeeling - Coimbatore
4. Nature’s Haven - Top slip
5. Aguda Beach – Javadi
1. Anamalai hills - Top slip
2. Monkey falls - Coimbatore
3. Darjeeling - West Bengal
4. Nature’s Haven - Javadi
5. Aguda Beach - Goa
V. Consider the following statement and tick (✓) the appropriate answer
1. Asseration (A) : Tourism is an essential activity for the life of the society
Reason (R) : Its direct impact on social cultural, education and economic sector of the nation.
a. A and R are correct and A explains R
b. A and R are correct but A does not explain R
c. A is in correct but R is correct
d. Both A and R are in Correct
Answer: a. A and R are correct and A explains R
2. Assertion (A) : One of the most popular beaches in Goa Calangute is a treat for the adventure sports activities.
Reason (R) : Foreigners throng the beaches
a. A and R are correct and A explain R
b. A and R are correct but A does not explain R
c. A is incorrect but R is correct
d. Both A and d. R are incorrect
Answer: a. A and R are correct and A explain R
VI. Answer the following briefly
1. Define Tourism?
The word tourist was derived from an old English word “tourian” which refers to a person who travels out of his usual environment for not more than one year and less than 24 hours. The purpose of travel may be religious, recreation, business, historical and cultural.
2. Write short note on ECO Tourism?
Eco tourism typically involves travel to destinations where plants and animals thrive in a naturally preserved environment. Amazon rain forest, African forest safari, trekking in the slopes of Himalayas are the famous incredible Eco friendly attractions.
3. What are the basic elements of Tourism?
The three main elements of tourism are
4. Name any five hill stations in India?
Kodaikanal - Tamil Nadu
Nainital, Mussoorie - Uttarakhand
Darjeeling - West Bengal
Gulmarg - Jammu & Kashmir
Shillong - Meghalaya
5. Name any five beaches in Tamil Nadu?
1. Kovalam Beach
2. Marina Beach
3. Kanyakumari Beach
4. Rameshwaram Beach
5. Elliot Beach
VII. Distinguish between
1. International Tourism and Historical Tourism
• To gather knowledge about international culture and customs international tourism is undertaken.
• For this there are forms and formalities to be fulfilled by the tourists, such as passport, Visa, Foreign Currency, Air ticket, Travel insurance, and other immigration details.
• To visit historically important places like museums, monuments, archaeological areas, forts, temples historical tourism is undertaken.
• Tourist visa is issued for visiting foreign historical places. Angkorwat of Cambodia, Pyramids of Egypt are some of the examples to quote for Historical Tourism.
2. Religious Tourism and Adventure Tourism
• To attend the religious rituals people travel individually or in groups for pilgrimage religious places such as temple, churches, mosques and other places.
• For e.g. Religious tour to Kasi (Varanasi) by Hindus, to Jerusalem by Christians and to Mecca by Muslims are few of the examples.
• To take part in physically challenging outdoor activities adventure tour is undertaken. They travel to remote places.
• For e.g. sky dive in Australia, Bungee jumping in New Zealand, mountaineering in the peaks of Himalayas, rafting in the Brahmaputra River at Arunachala Pradesh.
3. Attraction and Accessibility
• Attractions mainly comprise two types such as Natural attraction and Cultural attraction. Natural attraction includes landscape, seascape, beaches, climatic condition and forests.
• Cultural attractions are historical monuments and other intellectual creations. Apart from this, cultural attractions also include fairs and festivals.
• Accessibility means reachability to a particular spot of attraction through various means of transportation such as road, rail, water and air.
• Transport decides the cost of travel and the time consumed in reaching or accessing a specific attraction.
VIII. Answer the following questions in detail
1. Explain the Geographical components of Tourism?
Geographical Components of Tourism
1. Landforms : Mountains, Plateaus, Canyons, Valleys, Caves, Cirques, Sand dunes, Coral reefs, Cliffs, etc.,
2. Water : Rivers, Lakes-Waterfalls, Hot springs and Geysers, Snow and Glacier, Water Currents, Tides and Waves.
3. Vegetation : Forest, Grasslands, Moors, Deserts etc.,
4. Climate : Sunshine, Clouds, Admirable Temperature, Rain and Snow.
5 Animal life : (a) Wildlife: Birds, Game Reserves, Zoos. (b) Hunting and Fishing
6. Settlement features: (a) Towns, Cities, Villages (b) Historical remains and Monuments
7. Culture : Ways of life, traditions, folklore, arts and crafts
2. Write briefly about the waterfalls in Tamil Nadu?
Waterfalls in Tamil Nadu : Mountains and rivers of Tamil Nadu combined together created many endearing waterfalls. Waterfalls in Tamil Nadu with their inspiring natural wonders attracts many tourists. A trek amidst thick green trees, steep hills and a bath in the gushing water is most rejuvenating. Here is the list of famous water falls of Tamil Nadu.
1. Hogenakal falls : It is a beautiful waterfall located in Dharmapuri district.
2. Kumbakkarai falls : River Pambar cascades to form this fall at the foot hills of Kodaikanal in Theni district.
3. Monkey falls : This waterfall lies on Anaimalai hills range in Coimbatore surrounded by Evergreen forests.
4. Killiyur falls : Situated in the Shervarayon hill ranges of the Eastern Ghats.
5. Courtallam : Courtallam is located in Tirunelveli district. It is known for medical spa.
6. Agaya Gangai : It is a waterfall in Puliacholai on Kolli Hills in Eatern Ghats of Namakkal district.
7. Suruli Falls : This falls is also called as Cloud Land falls (or) Meghamalai falls. It is located in Theni district.
3. Describe the Environment Impact of Tourism?
1. Environmental Impact of Tourism : The quality of the environment is essential for tourism. The tourism industry created several positive and negative impacts on the environment.
a) Positive Impacts:
1. Direct financial Contributions
2. Contributions to government revenues
3. Improved environmental management and planning
4. Increasing environmental awareness
5. Protection and reservation of environment
b) Negative Impacts:
1. Depletion of Natural Resources
2. Water resources
3. Local resources
4. Land degradation
❖ Air and Noise Pollution
❖ Solid Waste and Littering
3. Destruction and Alteration of Eco system
1. Why do we like sightseeing so much?
People like sightseeing so much because India with varied life style, culture, heritage, colourful fairs and festivals is an abiding attraction for the tourists. Scenic attraction is a very important factor in tourism. Scenery consisting of Mountains, Lakes, Waterfall, Glacier, Forests, and Deserts are the major features attracting people to visit them. People like to visit hills stations, waterfalls, wild life and bird sanctuaries and beaches.
People visit the hill stations such as Kodaikanal, Nainital, Mussoorie, Darjeeling, Gulmarg, Shillong, Shimla, Manali, Munnar, Gangtok, ooty, Anaimalai hill, javad hills etc. to enjoy the sightseeing.
In India there are many spectacular and wonderful waterfalls covered by dense forest, huge walls of rock and lush green trees. People visit Hogenakal falls, Kumbakkarai falls, Monkey falls, Killiyur falls, jog water falls, thalaiyar falls etc. and enjoy the sightseeing.
India possesses a wide range of forests and grasslands. Diversity of these lands makes it one of the hotspots for flora and fauna. The dense and dark forest of Indian States provides suitable habitat for a wide and a unique variety of animals and birds. Royal Bengal Tigers, Indian Lions, Elephants, Rhinoceros, Indian leopard and Reptiles are the major tourist attractions. Bird sanctuaries attract attention for their exclusive variety of birds. Diverse range of climate of India invites birds from remote places to feed, breed and to nurture their young ones in the Indian bird sanctuaries. The dense and dark forest of Indian States provides suitable habitat for animals and birds. People visit Wildlife Sanctuaries at Mudumalai, Kaziranga, Sundarbans, Gir, Mundanthurai, Kalakad and Bird Sanctuaries such as Vettangudi, Vedanthangal, Bharatpur, Mayani and enjoy the sightseeing.
Indian beaches are enriched with diverse coastal land forms filled with aquatic flora and fauna. People visit Varkala Beach, Tarkarli Beach, OM Beach, Aguda Beach, Kovalam Beach, Marina Beach, Mahabalipuram Beach and Muttukadu Beach to enjoy.
2. What are the ways to protect the sanctuaries?
Sanctuaries are the areas set up to protect the animals and to prevent the extinction of animals. They protect the birds and wild animals from dangers. In a country like India hunting is considered as an act of bravery. Animals' head and skin are smuggled to other countries at huge prices. Some body parts are used for medicines. To avoid this in 1972 Wild Life Protection Act was passed. It provides protection to wild animals, birds and plants. There are 510 wild life sanctuaries in India. The national parks are set up to protect wild animals and natural vegetation. There are 96 National Parks in India. The important parks are Kaziranga national park in Assam and Jim Corbett National Park in Uttarkand.
World Animal Day is celebrated on 4th October to recognize animals rights as well as welfare. All facilities like water, clean air, fertile soil, food and medicine are provided for their welfare.
3. List any five reasons for travelling?
Reasons for travelling:
1) Religious purpose : India is a multi-religious country. People visit religious spots to attend the religious rituals and to visit places of religious importance. People travel individually or in groups for pilgrimage to religious location such as temples, churches, mosques and other religious places. Religious tour to Kasi (Varanasi) by Hindus, to Jerusalem by Christians and to Mecca by Muslims are few of the examples for religious tourism.
2) Adventurous activities : People travel to remote or exotic places in order to take part in physically challenging outdoor activities. Examples for them are sky dive in Australia, Bungee jumping in New Zealand, mountaineering in the peaks of Himalayas, rafting in the Brahmaputra River at Arunachala Pradesh.
3) Educational purpose : Students undertake International Tour for higher education and to gather knowledge about international culture and customs. For this they have to arrange the student visa for foreign travel. Sports persons travel to other places for taking part in the sports activities. They travel to participate in the Olympic games, Asian games and cricket games etc.,
4) Historical Reason : People visit historically important places like museums, monuments, archeological areas, forts, temples and so on. Angkorwat of Cambodia, Tajmahal of India and Pyramids of Egypt are some of the examples to quote for Historical Tourism.
5) For Recreation: People visit hills stations, beaches, animal and birds santuaries for amusement and enjoyment. Eg. Mudhumalai, Vedanthangal santuaries, Kovalam, Marina beaches etc. People undertake seasonal tourism to waterfall areas during the holidays. For example Kumbakarai Falls, Courtallam and Surili Falls etc.
• This activity should be done by students under the supervision of the subject teacher.
• The students are grouped with six members in a group.
• Each student will discuss in the group about their last tour. Each group will collect photographs and information.
• The information will be shared in the class as well as displayed on the notice board of the class room.