I. Choose the correct answer
1 . ____________laid the foundation of ‘ Mamluk’ dynasty.
a) Mohammad Ghori
c) Qutb-ud-din Aibak
Answer: c. Qutb-ud-din Aibak
2. Qutb-ud-in shifted his capital to Delhi from_____________.
Answer: a. Lahore
3. ______________ completed the construction of the Qutb-Minar.
b) Qutb-ud-din -Aibak
Answer: c. Iltutmish
4. _________laid the foundation of the city Tughluqabad near Delhi.
a) Muhammad-bin -Tughluq
b) Firoz shah Tughluq
c) Jalal –ud-din
d) Ghiyas –ud-din
Answer: d. Ghiyas-ud-din
II. Fill in the Blanks
1. Ghiyas-ud-dir was the founder of Tughluq dynasty.
2. Muhammad–bin-Tughluq shifted his capital from Delhi to Devagiri.
3. Balban patronized the famous Persian poet Amir Khusru.
4. Quwwat-ul-Islam Masjid in Delhi was built by Qutb-ud-din-Aibak.
5. The threat of Mongols under Chengizkhan to India was during the reign of Iltumish.
III. Match the following
1. Tughril Khan : Governor of Kara
2. Ala-ud-din : Jalal-ud-din Yakut
3. Bahlol Lodi : Governor of Bengal
4. Razia : Governor of Sirhind
Answer: 1) Governor of Bengal 2) Governor of Kara 3) Governor of Sirhind 4) Jalal-ud-din Yakut
1. Tughril Khan : Governor of Bengal
2. Ala-ud-din : Governor of Kara
3. Bahlol Lodi : Governor of Sirhind
4. Razia : Jalal-ud-din Yakut
IV. State true or false
1. Qutb-ud-din Aibak died of mysterious fever. - False
Qutb-ud-din Aibak died of injuries received during an accidental full from a horse while playing polo.
2. Razia was an able and brave fighter. - True
3. The Turkish nobles chose Iltutmish, son of Aibak, as Sultan after the death of Aibak. – False
The Turkish nobles chose Iltutmish, son-in-law of Aibak, as Sultan after the death of Aibak.
4. FirozShah Tughluq refused to accept an invitation from a Bahmani Prince to intervene in the affairs of the Deccan. – True
V. Match the statement with the reason.Tick the appropriate answer
1. Assertion:- (A)Balban maintained cordial relationship with Mongols
Reason:- (R) The Mongol ruler, a grandson of Chengiz Khan, assured that Mongols would not advance beyond Sutlej.
a) R is the correct explanation of A.
b) R is not the correct explanation of A.
c) A and R are wrong.
d) A is wrong and R is the correct.
Answer: a) R is the correct explanation of A.
b) Find out the correct pair
1. Hoysala _ Devagiri
2. Yadavas _ Dwarasamudra
3. Kakatias _ Warrangal
4. Pallavas _ Madurai
Answer: 3. Kakatias Warrangal
c) Find out the wrong statement /statements
1. After Ghori’s death in 1206, his slave Qutb-ud-din Aibak proclaimed him self the ruler of the Turkish territories in India.
2. Razia established the department of spies to gather intelligence about the conspirators and the trouble makers against her rule.
3. Balban built forts to guard his empire against the Mongol attack.
4. Ibrahim Lodi was defeated by Babur in 1526.
Answer: 1) True 2) False 3) True 4) True
Wrong statement: 2. Razia established the department of spies to gather intelligence about the conspirators and the trouble makers against her rule.
VI. Answer the following in one or two sentences
1. Name the land granted to army officials in lieu of a regular wage.
2. Who founded the city of Agra?
3. Name the ruler who established Muslim rule in India in 12th century A.D (CE).
4. Write a note on chahalgani.
In order to counter the possible attack of the Mongols, Iltutmish organised Turkish nobility into a select group of 40 nobles known as chahalgani or The Forty.
5. How did Ala-ud-din Khalji consolidate the Delhi Sultanate?
Ala-ud-din Khalji consolidated the Delhi Sultanate, The range of his conquests is impressive: in the Punjab (against the Mongols), in Rajasthan and in Gujarat. With his northern frontiers secure, he sent his chief lieutenant Malik Kafur into the southern parts who took even the distant Madurai in 1310.
6. List out the contributions of Firoz Shah Tughluq.
Firoz Shah Tughluq created charities to aid poor Muslims, built colleges, mosques, and hospitals. He adopted many humanitarian measures. He banned inhuman punishments and abolished taxes not recognised by Muslim law. He promoted agriculture by waiving off the debts of the agriculturalists and constructing many canals for irrigation.
VII. Answer the following
1. Write about the invasion of Timur in 1398.
The sacking and massacre by Tamerlane or Timur of Delhi came a decade after Firuz Shah Tughluq died. As a ruler of the region around Samarkand in Central Asia, Timur had occupied some parts in the north-west of India. Taking advantage of India's weakness, he entered India in December 1398 and plundered Delhi. Punjab, besides the Delhi city, was the province that suffered most by Timur's raid. Timur, apart from carrying huge wealth in the form or gold, silver, jewels, also took along indian artisans like carpenters and masons to work on monuments in Samarkand.
1. How would you evaluate Muhammad-bin-Tughluq as Sultan of Delhi?
Muhammad-bin-Tyghluq was a learned man. In contrast, Muhammad Tughluq dreamt of making the whole of the subcontinent his domain. With the view to facilitating extended sovereignty, he shifted his capital from Delhi to the centre of the kingdom, namely Devagiri. He also changed its name to Daulatabad. When Muhammad himself decided that the move was a mistake, he ordered a return to Delhi as the capital again. When Ibn Battuta, the Morocco traveller who was with the Sultan, returned to Delhi, he found Delhi 'empty, abandoned and had but a small population'.
Tughluq changed the Ala-ud-din's system of revenue collections in grain and ordered that land revenue, which was increased, should henceforward be collected in money. This proved disastrous during famines. When he discovered that the stock of coins and silver was inadequate for minting, he issued a token currency in copper. Counterfeiting soon became order of the day and, as a result, the entire revenue system collapsed. Trade suffered as foreign merchants stopped business. This forced Sultan to withdraw the token currency and pay gold and silver coins in exchange. This move led the state to become bankrupt. Tughluq increased land tax in the Doab region, which triggered peasant revolts. As the revolts were cruelly dealt with, peasants abandoned cultivation, which resulted in the outbreak of frequent famines.
IX. Map Work
On the river map of India draw the extent of Tughluq Dynasty and mark the following places.
1. Delhi, 2. Devagiri, 3. Lahore, 4. Madurai.
X. Student Activity
1. Match the Father with Son
1. Qutb-ud-din Aibak - Rukn-ud-din-Firuz
2. Iltutmish - Kaiqubad
3. alban - Ala-ud-din
4. Ghiyas-ud-din - Sikandar Lodi
5. Bahlol Lodi - Aram Shah
Answer: 1) Aram Shah 2) Rukn-ud-din-Firuz 3) Kaiqubad 4) Ala-ud-din 5) Sikandar Lodi
1. Qutb-ud-din Aibak : Aram Shah
2. Iltutmish : Rukn-ud-din-Firuz
3. Balban : Kaiqubad
4. Ghiyas-ud-din : Ala-ud-din
5. Bahlol Lodi : Sikandar Lodi
2. Prepare an album of pictures of Islamic art and architecture of the Delhi Sultanate .