I. Fill in the blanks:
1. The producers of food grains are involved in primary activity.
2. Collection of honey is a occupation primary.
3. The conversion of raw materials into finished goods is called secondary activity.
4. According to Gandhiji the villages are the back bone of the nation.
5. The percentage of population in the cities of Tamil Nadu is 47.
II Match the following:
1. Cattle rearing – Secondary occupation
2. Food processing – Services
3. Iron & Steel Industry – Primary occupation
4. Telephone – Agro based industry
5. Cotton Industry – Tertiary occupation
Answer : 1. Primary occupation 2. Secondary occupation 3. Mineral-based occupation 4. Tertiary occupation 5. Agro based industry
1. Cattle rearing – Primary occupation
2. Food processing – Secondary occupation
3. Iron & Steel Industry – Mineral-based occupation
4. Telephone – Tertiary occupation
5. Cotton Industry – Agro based industry
III Match and find the odd pair:
1. Small scale Industry – Transaction of Money
2. Forest based Industries – Information Technology
3. Services – Paper Industries
4. Banking – Cattle rearing
Answer: 1. Cattle rearing 2. Paper Industries 3. Information Technology 4. Transaction of Money
1. Small scale Industry – Cattle rearing
2. Forest based Industries – Paper Industries
3. Services – Information Technology
4. Banking – Transaction of Money
IV Choose the correct answer:
1. Agriculture is a (Primary / Secondary) occupation - Primary
2. Economic activities are divided on the basis of (ownership / use) - Use
3. Sugar Industries are (Primary / Secondary) activity - Secondary
4. Agro based industry (Cotton / Furniture) - Cotton
5. Dairy farming is a (Public sector / co-operative sector) - co-operative sector
V Answer the following questions:
1. Sandhai – Define
In villages, once in a week or month, all things are sold in a particular place at a specific time to meet the needs of the people. That is called' Sandhai'.
2. What is called barter system?
Exchanging goods for other goods is called barter system.
3. What is trade?
Procurement of goods by sale is called trade.
4. What is Savings?
The amount from the income which is left for future needs after consumption is called savings.
5. What was the necessity for the invention of money?
Exchange of commodities in the barter system may cause some problems. The values of the commodities may not be equal; they may vary. To solve this problem, people invented a tool called money.
6. What was the reason for the development of settlements near water bodies?
Water is essential for agriculture, cattle rearing and drinking. So settlements have developed near water bodies.
7. What are called secondary occupation?
The raw materials obtained from the primary activities are converted into finished products through machinery on a large scale. These activities are called secondary activities. e.g: Paper mills, sugar mills, iron industries.
8. Name the city centred industries.
People involved in small scale industries and unorganized sector are mostly found in cities.
VI Answer the following in detail:
1. List out the important primary occupations of your district.
I live in Coimbatore district. Agriculture is the primary activity here. We grow cotton, sugarcane and paddy.
2. Mention the manufacturing industries found in your district
There are cotton mills and textile mills in my district.
3. How are the industries classified on the basis of raw materials?
On the basis of raw materials, industries are classified as
Agro based industries - Cotton textiles, Sugar mills and Food processing.
Forest based industries - Paper mills, Furniture making, Building Materials.
Mineral based industries - Cement, Iron, Aluminium Industries.
Marine based industries - Sea food processing
4. Write down the occupations in the service sector
Transport - roadways, railways, waterways, airways
Communication - Post, Telephone, Information Technology etc
Trade - Procurement of goods, selling
Banking - Money transactions, banking services
5. What do you know about the features of cities?
Tamil Nadu is well developed in secondary and tertiary activities as well. These are city centered activities.
Apart from this, employment opportunities are more in cities than villages.
In cities the number of small scale workers are more. This results in additional income in cities.
Well paved roads, ports, airports and railway stations support trade. Many branches of banks help in the circulation of money and boost the country’s economy.
VII Fill in the tabular column given below:
1. Farmer - Doctor - Teacher
2. Woodcutter - Engineer - Tailor
3. Ploughman -Architect - Policeman
4. Shepherd - Lawyer - Postman
5. Cart driver - Executive - Carpenter
* Write the lyrics of Bharathiyar’s “சிந்துநதியின் மிசை நிலவினிலே”. Analyze the lyrics and write down the commodities which were exchanged in yester years with the help of the teacher.
VIII Stick pictures.