Embroidery is the art of using decorative stitches. With these stitches ornamen-tal motifs can be worked on almost all soft surfaces. It is important to know all the basic embroidery stitches so that the learner can effectively uses them for creat-ing beautiful design. Stitches are selected based on the fabric and garment.
· It is a commonly used stitch in embroidery work.
· It is used to complete the outline of any design.
· It is also used as a filling stitch when worked closely.
· Bring needle up at 1 on right side.
· Take down needle at 2 to the wrong side and up at 3, half way between 1 and 2.
· Insert needle and take needle just next to the point 2.
· The length of all the stitches should be the same (Figure 7.5).
· These stitches can be worked in any direction.
· The stitches are worked in varying sizes to create an interesting effect.
· This is worked on a evenly woven fabric.
· It is also called as single satin stitch.
· Right and wrong side of this stitch is similar.
· Bring needle up at 1 and insert at 2.
· Again take needle up at 3 and insert at 4
· It is better to work in same direction. For e.g. bottom to top, or from top to bottom (Figure 7.6).
· These stitches can be worked hori-zontally or vertically.
· It is also used as a single detached stitch.
· It can be used well to cover a line or to do filling for a large space.
· Bring needle up at 1 and down at 2 leaving a loop of thread.
· Bring needle up at 3 inside the loop, insert down at 4 outside the loop and catch a small straight stitch.
· Repeat the process (Figure 7.7).
· This is a tiny running stitch.
· It is used to fill small motifs or space.
· Bring needle up at 1 and insert at 2 catching a tiny stitch.
· Again bring needle up at 3 and take down at 4. This should be made closer to the first stitch.
· Repeat the process (Figure 7.8)
· It is also known as side to side hem stitch.
· Looks like a brick stitch.
· Mark 4 points
· 1, 2, 3 and 4 on a straight line.
· Take thread out at 1, insert at 3 and then take out at 2.
· To complete one set of stitch insert needle at 4 and take out at 3.
· Continue stitching as per instruc-tions (Figure 7.9).
· It is formed by making series of loops.
· It is the oldest of all stitches.
· Mark the points 1 and 2.
· Take out needle at 1 and insert nee-dle at the same point and take out needle at 2.
· Before taking the needle out wind thread from left to right and pull the needle gently to form a chain.
· To continue the second chain insert needle at point 2 and continue the sequence (Figure 7.10).
· It is one of the detached stitches.
· A single chain stitch form a lazy daisy stitch.
· Pull thread from point 1 and insert the needle at the same point.
· Take out needle at 2.
· Wind thread from left to right, pull the needle and lock the stitch at point 3 (Figure 7.11).
· This is a variation of chain stitch.
· Two coloured threads are used while stitching.
· Chain stitches are created by winding alternate colour threads. (Figure 7.12).
· This stitch is used to finish the blan-ket edges.
· It secures the edges and is stitched from left to right or from right to left .
· Take needle at 1 and insert 2.
· Lay thread parallel to point 1.
· Insert needle at 2 and take out at 3.
· Loop the thread around needle to from a stitch (Figure 7.13).
· Satin stitch is a filling stitch.
· It is used to cover small space.
· This is a straight and flat stitch.
· Take needle at 1 and insert at 2.
· Pull the needle at 3 and insert at 4.
· Repeat the process and complete the filling of any pattern (Figure 7.14)