Unit - 2
Citizens and Citizenship
Students acquire knowledge in
▶ Meaning, definition of citizens and citizenship
▶ The Constitutional Provisions of India
▶ Acquisition and termination of Indian citizenship
▶ Nature of overseas citizenship of India
▶ Rights and responsibility of a citizen
Civics is the study of government. The word ‘Citizen’ is derived from the Latin word ‘Civis’ which means resident of a City State of Ancient Rome. After the disappearance of City-State system, it has been used to mean a member of the State. The citizens of a state enjoy full civil and political rights.
Citizen and Citizenship
Citizen is a person of a country who is entitled to enjoy all the legal rights and privileges granted by a state and is obligated to obey its laws and to fulfill his duties.
Citizenship is the status given to the citizens which provide them the right to legally live in a country as long as they want.
Types of Citizen
There are two types of citizens, Natural and Naturalised citizens.
1. Natural citizens: are the citizens by birth.
2. Naturalised citizens: are the one who acquires citizenship.
Indian Citizenship Act, 1955
This act is to provide for the acquisition and termination of Indian citizenship.