Antidiabetic drugs and glucagon
Insulin, a pancreatic hormone, and oral antidiabetic drugs are classified as hypoglycemic drugs because they lower blood glu-cose levels. Glucagon, another pancreatic hormone, is classified as a hyperglycemic drug because it raises blood glucose levels.
Diabetes mellitus, or simply diabetes, is a chronic disease of in-sulin deficiency or resistance. It’s characterized by disturbances in carbohydrate, protein, and fat metabolism. This leads to elevated levels of the sugar glucose in the body. The disease appears in two primary forms:
· type 1, previously referred to as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
· type 2, previously referred to as non-insulin-dependent dia-betes mellitus.