# Air

At the end of the lesson the students will be able to * understand the properties of air through experiments * understand the process of breathing in human beings * identify the types of wind with respect to speed

Unit 3

Air

Learning Objectives

At the end of the lesson the students will be able to

* understand the properties of air through experiments

* understand the process of breathing in human beings

* identify the types of wind with respect to speed

Warm – up

Observe the pictures and answer the given question.

What is necessary for these activities?

I. Properties of Air

Air is a natural resource. We cannot live without it. It is present around us. It has no definite shape and colour. Air has weight and it occupies space. We cannot see air but it can be felt. Air can flow everywhere.

Air occupies space

Note for teacher: Demonstrate all the given activities in the classroom.

Materials required: A tumbler, a bowl and water

Procedure :

Place a tumbler on the surface of the water kept in a bowl (see picture). Push the tumbler straight into the water. Now, tilt it slightly and push it into the water. Do you observe any difference? Yes air bubbles come out of water.

Through this experiment we can understand that air occupies space.

Hot air rises up

Tie a balloon to the mouth of a bottle as shown in the picture. Let the mouth of the bottle be narrow. Keep the bottle in a vessel containing hot water. Observe it for some time. The balloon expands. Why?

Due to the heat of the water in the vessel, air inside the bottle becomes hot. Hot air fills the balloon. Therefore the balloon expands.

What do you understand from this experiment? Hot air rises up.

Air has weight

Procedure:

Take two balloons. Fill air in one balloon and keep the other balloon as it is. Make a measuring tool using a stick and tie the balloons on both the ends as shown in the pictures. Which balloon comes down and why? Do and find.

This experiment proves that air has weight

a. Write true or false for the following statements.

1. Air occupies space but has no weight. (False)

2. Air is colourless. (True)

3. Air has definite shape. (False)

b. If we fill air in the ______ , it will change its shape.

1. jar 2. jug 3. ball

c. Which of the following is required for good health?

1. Dust 2. Clean air 3. Smoke

d. Colour the hot air balloon.

II. Air moves and pushes things

Light an incense stick in the corner of the classroom and observe. The smoke of the incense stick moves everywhere. The air pushes the smoke.

See the clouds in the sky that moves everywhere. Clouds move because of the movement of air.

Electricity is generated from wind with the help of the windmills.

Let Us Do

Can you remove a small plastic ball from a glass vessel without physically touching it? Yes, you can. If you blow towards one wall of the glass very hard and the ball will be ejected out of the glass.

Let Us Do

Take a plastic bottle and fit a soggy newspaper pellet tightly in its mouth. On pressing the bottle, the pellet will come out with a loud POP sound.

Let Us Try

Make a paper plane with waste paper and fly it in the air.

These activities conclude that air moves the things.

Air is required for burning

Light a candle and place it on a table. Now cover the lightning candle with a glass jar. Observe what happens?

Air is required for burning things.

Air exerts pressure

When you drink fresh juice, you suck it through straw. We do this with the help of air.

How does a straw work?

Mix a few drops of ink in half a glass of water. Place a transparent straw inside the glass containing coloured water. Then place your finger on the top of the straw and pull the straw out of the liquid. What happens?

Then remove your finger from the straw. What happens? While your finger covers top of the straw, the liquid remains in the straw. When you remove the finger, the water flows out.

When you keep your finger on the straw, you are lessening the pressure of air over the straw. The greater pressure of air under the straw can hold the liquid inside the straw.

Let Us Do

Air Jack

Materials required: Empty plastic milk cover, a piece of thick string and an old pen body or pipe.

Procedure: Tie an old pen body or a pipe to the mouth of the milk cover with a string. Place 3 or 4 thin note books up on the plastic milk cover and slowly blow air into it with your mouth. As the cover gets inflated the books get raised. How does that work? The pressure that you exert with your mouth is limited. But the large area of the milk cover magnifies this pressure and lifts the books.

The above activity shows that ________

1. Air rises up on getting warm

2. Air is needed for burning

3. Air has pressure

Answer : 3. Air has pressure

III. Breathing (Inhalation and Exhalation)

Let Us Do and Discuss

* Try to count how many times you breathe in a minute.

* Now jump 6-7 times. Is your breathing rate the same or is it faster?

* Run 100 meters and stop. Observe your breathing.

All living things need air for their survival. Plants breathe through leaves and fish breathe through gills. Humans breathe in and breathe out through lungs.

Inhalation is the process of taking the air inside and exhalation is the process of releasing the air outside. This cyclical process of inhalation and exhalation is called breathing.

We take oxygen and release carbon dioxide gas while breathing.

Think zone:  Why the doctor checks your pulse when you are sick and ask you to breathe in and breathe out?

Do you know

When we breathe-in our chest raises up and when we breathe-out it lowers down.

Let Us Do

Tick () the one which breathes and cross (×) the one that does not breathe.

Let Us Write

Choose and write the correct answer for the following actions.

The effect of exercise on breathing

Mathi and Mozhi practised various exercises like walking, skipping and running. They counted the number of times they breathed in one minute after each exercise and recorded their results in the bar diagram:

Bar diagram

Activity

Look at the bar diagram.

a. Which activity raised the breathing rate the most? Running

b. Which activity do you think exercises the heart muscle the least? Sitting

c. Write ‘T’ if True and ‘F’ if False.

1. They breathed more number of times when they were walking. (False)

2. They breathed less number of times when they were sitting. (True )

3. They took 50 breaths per minute when they were running. (True )

4. The more vigorous (active) the exercise, the greater the number of breaths. (True)

IV. Moving Air

Let us Do:

Take some sand in your hand and release the sand. It falls in the direction of the wind.

Moving air is called wind. It moves across the surface of the Earth. Based on the speed of air, wind can be classified as breeze, storm and gale.

Do you know

Speed of the wind is measured using an instrument called ‘Anemometer’.

Breeze

A gentle wind is called breeze. Sea breeze and land breeze are the two types of breeze.

i. Sea breeze

The breeze that blows from the sea towards the land during day time is known as sea breeze. As the warm air from the land rises up and the cold air from the sea occupies the space over the land.

ii. Land breeze

The breeze that blows from the land towards the sea during night time is known as land breeze. The warm air from the sea rises up, and so the cold air from the land moves towards the sea.

Storm

Strong wind is called storm. Sometimes storm can uproot trees and can destroy the crops.

Gale

A very strong wind is called gale. Gale is stronger than storm. It damages trees and buildings a lot.

Note for teacher :

* Show the pictures of some natural disasters and discuss about them.

* Discuss about the consequences of leaving deep bore well open.

Let Us Connect

Match the following.

a. Breeze -Strong wind

b. Storm - Very strong wind

c. Gale - Gentle wind

a. Breeze - Gentle wind

b. Storm - Strong wind

c. Gale - Very strong wind

Let Us Draw

Draw the movement of air for land breeze and sea  breeze.

Fill in the blanks.

1. Gentle air is called breeze.

2. We get electricity from wind using windmill.

3. The air that flows from the land towards the sea is Land breeze.

4. Sea breeze is the air moving from the sea towards the land.

Let Us Do

Take two cups. Fill one with sand and the other with water. Leave them in the sunlight for about an hour. Keep one hand in the cup with sand and other hand in the cup with water.

Which one is hotter?

Sand / Water

Now keep both the cups in the shade for a while. Now put your fingers in both the cups once again.

Which cup is cooled faster?

Sand / Water

What will you do during disaster?

( I will / I will not )

a. I will not watch TV when it rains heavily.

b. I will follow the warnings.

c. I will not stand under a tree when heavy wind blows.

Tags : Term 3 Chapter 3 | 3rd Science , 3rd Science : Term 3 Unit 3 : Air
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3rd Science : Term 3 Unit 3 : Air : Air | Term 3 Chapter 3 | 3rd Science