Advantages and Disadvantages of a Sole trader
The following are the advantages of a
No legal formalities are required to
initiate a sole trading concern. Any person capable of entering into a contract
can start it, provided he has the necessary resources for it.
There is a direct relationship between effort and reward. The fact that the entire profit can be taken by himself without sharing with anybody else induces him to work ceaselessly.
Small capital is an important as well as
specific advantage of sole proprietorship. Sole proprietor can start business
with small capital.
Since his private properties are held
liable for satisfying business debts, he can get more financial assistance from
Since sole proprietor knows each and
every customer individually he can supply goods according to their taste and
preferences. Thus he can cultivate personal relationship with the customers.
The sole trader can easily adjust
himself to the changing requirements of his business.
The following are the disadvantages of a
Since the capital is contributed by one
individual only, business operations have necessarily to be on a limited scale.
Single person’s intelligence and
experience may not help him beyond a certain stage. Since he has to focus on
each and every activity, his managerial ability is bound to be limited.
The creditors have the right to recover
their dues even from the personal property of the proprietor in case the
business assets are not sufficient to pay their debts.
Since the business unit is small and the
financial resources are limited, experts in different fields cannot be
employed to secure maximum advantages.
Sole proprietor is more likely to take
hasty decision as he need not consult anybody else.