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Chapter: 12th Accountancy : Computerised Accounting System- Tally

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Practical problem on accounting software - Tally

Accountancy : Computerised Accounting System- Tally : Record the following transactions in Tally.

Practical problem 1

Record the following transactions in Tally.

1.   Robert commenced a transport business with a capital of 1,00,000

2.   An account was opened with State Bank of India and deposited 30,000

3.   Purchased furniture by paying cash 10,000

4.   Goods purchased on credit from Mohaideen for 20,000

5.   Cash sales made for 8,000

6.   Goods purchased from Rathinam for 5,000 and money deposited in CDM

7.   Goods sold to Rony on credit for 60,000

8.   Money withdrawn from bank for office use 9,000

9.   Part payment of 10,000 made to Mohaideen by cheque

10.       Rony made part payment of 5,000 by cash

11.       Salaries paid to staff through ECS 6,000

12.       Wages of 3,000 paid by cash

13.       Purchased stationery from Pandian Ltd. on credit 4,000

Solution

Analysis of transactions, passing journal entries, identification of voucher type and group:


Following steps are to be followed to enter the transactions in Tally.ERP 9


1. To create company

Company Info > Create Company

Type the Name as Robert and keep all other fields as they are and choose ‘Yes’ to accept.



2. To maintain accounts only

Gateway of Tally > F11 Accounting Features > General > Maintain accounts only: Yes > Accept Yes



3. To create ledger accounts

Gateway of Tally > Masters > Accounts Info > Ledgers > Single Ledger > Create


(i) To create Robert’s Capital A/c

Name: Robert’s Capital A/c

Under: Capital Account

Accept: Yes:


(ii) To create State Bank of India A/c

Name: State Bank of India A/c

Under: Bank Accounts

Accept: Yes


(iii) To create Furniture A/c

Name: Furniture A/c

Under: Fixed Assets

Accept: Yes


(iv) To create Purchases A/c

Name: Purchases A/c

Under: Purchase

Accept: Yes


(v) To create Mohaideen A/c

Name: Mohaideen A/c

Under: Sundry Creditors

Accept: Yes


(vi) To create Sales A/c

Name: Sales A/c

Under: Sales Accounts

Accept: Yes


(vii) To create Rony A/c

Name: Rony A/c

Under: Sundry Debtors

Accept: Yes


(viii) To create Salaries A/c

Name: Salaries A/c

Under: Indirect Expenses

Accept: Yes


(ix) To create Wages A/c

Name: Wages A/c

Under: Direct Expenses

Accept: Yes


(x) To create Stationery A/c

Name: Stationery A/c

Under: Indirect Expenses

Accept: Yes


(xi) To create Pandian Ltd. A/c

Name: Pandian Ltd. A/c

Under:Sundry Creditors

Accept: Yes



4. To enter transactions through vouchers

Gateway of Tally > Transactions > Accounting Vouchers


(1) Robert commenced a transport business with a capital of 1,00,000

F6: Receipt voucher

Account: Cash

Particulars: Robert’s Capital A/c (Choose from List of Ledger Accounts)

Enter the amount of capital: 1,00,000

Narration: Capital introduced

Accept Yes.



(2) An account was opened with State Bank of India and deposited 30,000

F4: Contra voucher

Account: State Bank of India

Particulars: Cash

Amount: 30,000

Narration: Opened bank account in SBI

Accept Yes



(3) Purchased furniture by paying cash 10,000

F5: Payment voucher

Account: Cash

Particulars: Furniture A/c

Amount: 10,000

Narration: Furniture bought by cash

Accept Yes



(4) Goods purchased on credit from Mohaideen for 20,000

F9: Purchase voucher

Party A/c name: Mohaideen A/c

Particulars: Purchases A/c

Amount: 20,000

Narration: Goods purchased on credit from Mohaideen

Accept Yes



(5) Cash sales made for 8,000

F8: Sales voucher

Account: Cash

Particulars: Sales A/c

Amount: 8,000

Narration: Cash sales made

Accept Yes



(6) Goods purchased from Rathinam for 5,000 and money deposited in CDM

F9: Purchase voucher

Account: Cash

Particulars: Purchases A/c

Amount: 5,000

Narration: Cash purchases made

Accept Yes



(7) Goods sold to Rony on credit for 60,000

F8: Sales voucher

Party A/c name: Rony A/c

Particulars: Sales A/c

Amount: 60,000

Narration: Goods sold on credit to Rony

Accept Yes



(8) Money withdrawn from bank for office use 9,000

F4: Contra voucher

Account: Cash

Particulars: State Bank of India A/c

Amount: 9,000

Narration: Cash withdrawn from bank

Accept Yes



(9) Part payment of 10,000 made to Mohaideen by cheque

F5: Payment voucher

Account: State Bank of India

Particulars: Mohaideen A/c

Amount: 10,000

Narration: Payment made to Mohaideen by cheque

Accept Yes



(10) Rony made part payment of 5,000 by cash

F6: Receipt voucher

Account: Cash

Particulars: Rony A/c

Amount: 5,000

Narration: Cash received from Rony

Accept Yes.



(11) Salaries paid to staff through ECS 6,000

F5: Payment voucher

Account: State Bank of India

Particulars: Salaries A/c

Amount: 6,000

Narration: Salaries paid through

ECS Accept Yes



(12) Wages of 3,000 paid by cash

F5: Payment voucher

Account: Cash

Particulars: Wages A/c

Amount: 3,000

Narration: Wages paid by cash

Accept Yes



(13) Purchased stationery from Pandian Ltd. on credit 4,000

F7: Journal voucher

Particulars: Stationery

Amount: 4,000

To Pandian Ltd.

Amount: 4,000

Narration: Stationery bought on credit from Pandian Ltd.

Accept Yes


5. To view reports

(i) To view Trial Balance

Gateway of Tally > Reports > Display > Trial Balance > AltF1 (detailed)


(ii) To view Profit and Loss Account

F10: A/c Reports > Profit & Loss A/c > AltF1 (detailed)

(or)

Gateway of Tally > Reports > Profit & Loss A/c > AltF1 (detailed)


(iii) To view Balance Sheet

F10: A/c Reports > Balance Sheet > AltF1 (detailed)

(or)

Gateway of Tally > Reports > Balance Sheet > AltF1 (detailed)


(iv) To view Ratio Analysis

F10: A/c Reports > Ratio Analysis

(or)

Gateway of Tally > Reports > Ratio Analysis


(v) To view Day Book

F10: A/c Reports > Day Book > AltF1 (detailed)

(or)

Gateway of Tally > Reports > Display> Day Book > AltF1 (detailed)



Practical problem 2

The following balance sheet has been prepared from the books of Bright on 1-4-2018.


During the year the following transactions took place:

a)     Wages paid by cash 2,000

b)    Rent paid by cheque 5,000

c)     Cash purchases made for 3,000

d)    Good purchased on credit from Senthamarai 15,000

e)     Goods sold on credit to Pushparaj 25,000

f)      Payment made to Senthamarai by cheque 5,000

g)     Cash received from Shankar 30,000

h)    Cash sales made for 6,000

i)       Depreciate machinery at 10%

j)       Closing stock on 31.03.2019 15,000

You are required to prepare trading and profit and loss account for the year ended 31-03-2019 and a balance sheet as on that date using Tally.

Solution

Following steps are to be followed to enter the transactions in Tally.ERP 9


1. To create company

Company Info > Create Company

Type the Name as Bright and keep all other fields as they are and choose ‘Yes’ to accept.


2. To maintain accounts only

Gateway of Tally > F11 Accounting Features > General > Maintain accounts only: Yes > Accept Yes


3. To create ledger accounts with opening balances

Gateway of Tally > Masters > Accounts Info > Ledgers > Single Ledger > Create



Note

Cash account need not be created as it is a default ledger. Only the opening balance has to be recorded by altering the cash account.

To record the opening balance of cash:

Gateway of Tally > Masters > Accounts Info > Ledgers > Single Ledger > Alter


After creating the ledgers and recording the opening balances of ledger accounts the balance sheet of Bright is shown as in the following figure:



3. To create ledger accounts for transactions



4. To enter transactions through vouchers

Gateway of Tally > Transactions > Accounting Vouchers

Example: Wages of 2,000 paid by cash

F5: Payment voucher

Account: Cash

Particulars: Wages A/c

Amount: 2,000

Narration: Wages paid by cash

Accept Yes

In the similar way, record the other transactions. Use Payment Voucher for rent paid and payment to Senthamarai.

Use Purchase Voucher for credit purchases from Senthamarai and cash purchases.

Use Sales Voucher for credit sales to Pushparaj and cash sales.

Use Receipt Voucher for cash received from Shankar.

Use Journal Voucher for depreciation.

To record closing stock

Since maintain accounts only is set to ‘Yes’ and integrate accounts and inventory is set to ‘No’ under accounting features, stock has to be recorded manually. Hence, the closing stock has to be recorded by altering the stock account and while entering the date of closing stock, the date of opening stock has to be entered. The following procedure is to be followed:

Gateway of Tally > Masters > Accounts Info > Ledgers > Single Ledger > Alter > Stock > Closing balance > Date (opening date) > Amount > Accept Yes



6. To view reports

(i) To view Profit and Loss Account

F10: A/c Reports > Profit & Loss A/c > AltF1 (detailed)

(or)

Gateway of Tally > Reports > Profit & Loss A/c > AltF1 (detailed)


(ii) To view Balance Sheet

F10: A/c Reports > Balance Sheet > AltF1 (detailed)

(or)

Gateway of Tally > Reports > Balance Sheet > AltF1 (detailed)



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