Organization of the U.N.O.
The U.N.O. consists of six main bodies which are as follows :
The General Assembly.
The Security Council
The Economic and Social Council
The Trusteeship Council.
The International Court of Justice
It is a deliberative body of the United Nations Organization. This body consistis of five representatives of each member state. But each member state has only one vote. The main function of this organ is to consider issues relating to international peace and security and to discuss important international problems. UNO has a Secretary General. The official languages of UNO are English, French, Spanish, Russian, Chinese and Arabic. Now  UN has 192 member countries.
It is the chief executive body of the U.N.O. It consists of fifteen members - five permanent and ten temporary. Russia, China, U.S.A., France and Great Britain are the permanent members of the Security Council of the U.N.O. Its main function is to preserve peace and security in the world. It can take diplomatic and economic steps against those nations who violate the constitution of the U.N.O. Each of the five permanent members has a powerful vote known as veto.
This council is composed of eighteen members (there are twenty-seven members at present). All members of this council are elected by the General Assembly. It is directly responsible to the General Assembly. The fundamental principle of this body is to create a spirit of universal respect for human rights and to promote a higher cultural educational standard. Its function is to raise the standard of living of the people, to assure them employment. The UNO believes that world peace could be maintained only when the people enjoy a high economic and social standard of living.
The Social and Economic Council works through the cooperation of several special committees and commissions. such as, The United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), The United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA), Food and Agricultural Organization (F.A.O.), International Labour Organization (I.L.O.), International Bank, World Health Organization (W.H.O.) etc. This organ has rendered undoubtedly great services to the mankind since 1945.
This Council is composed of the representatives of permanent members of the Security Council, representatives of all those states which hold the administration of colonies and some other representatives elected by the General Assembly. The main function of the Trusteeship Council is to preserve the interests of the territories handed over to it and to help the General Assembly in the administration of those countries over which the U.N.O. holds Trusteeship.
It is the judicial organ of the U.N.O. It has its headquarters at The Hague (Netherlands). It is composed of fifteen judges elected by the General Assembly and the Security Council for nine years. Its main function is to solve the legal disputes of the member states of UNO.
It consists of the working staff of the U.N.O. The chief of the Secretariat is called the Secretary General who is appointed by the General Assembly on the recommendation of the Security Council. The main function of this body is to assist all bodies of the U.N.O.
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