Numerous recycling options are available, and recycling programme development requires strategic planning. Planning for recycling involves understanding markets, assessing local expertise, setting goals and fostering public participation. An efficient recycling programme requires a systematic approach to all programme components, which are interrelated, and therefore, decisions about one must be made taking into consideration other components. As a successful recycling requires public participation, programmes must be designed keeping in view public convenience and support.
(i) Build local expertise: Small projects help build local expertise in recycling and minimise the problems associated with poor planning. With small- scale projects, it is easy to compare and evaluate the programmes and techniques that are considered most successful within the community. When the time comes to develop a large-scale programme, there will be practical experience and an established decision-making framework, which will enhance the programme's success.
(ii) Understand and develop a re cycling market: While planning for a recycling programme, it is important to find an outlet for the recyclable material. Market analysis is both a planning and ongoing activity, as even the most suc recycling programme can be severely affected by market fluctuations. Re programmes must, therefore, be designed with the flexibility to handle fluctuating and uncertain outlets for material.
(iii) Foster public education and involvement: Public participation is one of the most important factors deciding a programme's success. The public has a right and a responsibility to understand the full costs and liabilities of managing the waste they produce. A well-planned public education and involvement programme will foster public interest in recycling.
(iv) Assess local waste stream: Planning any recycling programme requires the knowledge of the local waste stream. Choosing the right material to recycle and designing the
logistics of the programme are the important parts of the planning process.
(v) Augment existing programme: Recycling should augment the success that has been attained by other groups operating recycling programmes. This is very important for planning and success. Other programmes may be run by local volunteer organisations to raise funds or as a community service.
(vi) Set goals and objectives: Part of the planning process involves setting goals and objectives. The preliminary assessment of waste stream helps in deciding long-term goals for a community. Planning objectives may include determining the type of waste stream component that should be programmed, investigating the feasibility of the
curbside (kerbside) programme, public outreach avenues, etc. The community will benefit from carefully developed achievable goals and objectives, and from an integrated approach to waste management (see Unit 10 for a detailed discussion of the integrated approach to waste management).
(vii)Coordinate the programme: Recycling programme is considered a public service. Therefore, local governments are required to ensure that all services are provided properly. Like any other public service, recycling programmes should be consistent, predictable, equitable and efficient.
(viii) Evaluate the programme: New programmes and technologies are evolving continuously, which make the planning for recycling an ongoing process. This requires experiment and evaluation. Even the best recycling programmes experiment with new techniques to improve on their current efforts.